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January 27, 2014: One week from today, after any chat(s):

How things change

On January 27, 2014 (Today's "How things change" is only slightly related to the January 20, 2014 story on the 1888 birth of Jens Tryggve Herman Gran. It doesn't touch on people, but the volcano itself.)

1841: The erupting Mount Erebus on Ross Island in Antarctica was observed and hence the volcano was discovered on this date by James Clark Ross (April 15, 1800 - April 3, 1862) and named after one of his ships, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror. At 3,794 meters in height, it's the second tallest Antarctica volcano, after Mount Sidley. It's the sixth tallest ultra prominent peak on an island which makes it a very prominent sight for the eye at a distance, meaning a mountain that's 1,500 meters or higher and not connected to even higher mountains by high pass to make it stand-out. (You'd be surprised to learn that although Asia has 637 Ultras, Japan has only 21 Ultras, since not only due to height but because each Ultra must be free of other tall mountains nearby. In comparison, the Malay Archipelago has 92 Ultras, because of the larger territory and the volcanoes which are spread-out widely in the territory which makes many of them solitary. Antarctica itself has 41 Ultras.) Ross Island also has three other inactive volcanoes; Mount Bird, Mount Terra Nova, and Mount Terror. These used to be classified as dormant volcanoes or dead volcanoes, but not any more. One of the reasons was the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan magnitude 9.0 Earthquake that pushed part of Japan as much as 50 meters -- averages out to over 25 meters -- into the Pacific Ocean and changed the local gravitational field. Many of the Japanese volcanoes were previously listed as dead, but ever since this Earthquake, most of their bases began to fill with magma, indicating that most of them have become active volcanoes, and even Mount Fuji is now considered as one of the active volcanoes. Erebus is the most active volcano in Antarctica, when you include the fact that Ross Island is near and not in the continent of Antarctica, although the two are often connected by a thick sheet of ice and used to be regarded as part of the continent of Antarctica before the global warming began to distinguish the difference. At the summit of Erebus is a phonolitic lava lake, one of only five molten lakes in an active volcanoes on Earth. ("Phonolitic" describes the chemical composition which is between felsic and mafic. "felsic" means feldspar-like. Feldspar is the soft rock that's ground-up and mixed into your tooth paste to clean your teeth. It's a mixture of potassium/sodium/calcium aluminum silion-oxide and it means a rock in the field that has no mineable ore, aside from the fact that it's alkaline. If it doesn't contain calcium and little sodium, it's called alkali feldspars and may be used as a weak potassium source for plants. Plagioclase feldspars are feldspars without potassium. When it's worn-down by water, it forms clay, which is now discovered on ancient Martian lake bottoms. If you're interested in exo-biology, you should remember that Earth life may have evolved on this clay with a touch of nickel or at least dwelt on clay. Mafic rocks contain magnesium or iron and mafic lava has low viscosity compared to felsic lava so that water and other volatiles easily escape and won't cause explosive bombs. A good example of mafic lava is the Hawaiian lava which is always molten but tourists can approach them without fear of rocks hurtled into you. Basalt is an example of mafic rock. This type of rock tend to be rich in olivine, which has nothing to do with the olive fruit. Actually, it's only called "olivine" when it's a gem quality rock, and is otherwise called chrysolite, which is a magnesium-iron silicate rock. One type of mafic rock called forsterite has a very high melting point of 1,900 degrees Celsius. That's something that all uranium-235 based nuclear reactor designers should have known before making the reactors, since it's a cheap rock that could have been used to tile the foundation of reactors to prevent melt-down products from leaching into the ground-water. In fact, this is the melting point of expensive chromium, and higher than iron which melts at only 1,538 degrees. Naturally, it's best to use thorium dioxide which melts at 3,300 degrees Celsius, but it's not a politically acceptable option because thorium is almost as radioactive as uranium. Getting back to olivine, it owns its name to the olive-green color from tace amount of nickel and often called chrysolite when iron gives it a golden or reddish color. Not only did NASA's Dawn mission found that the green color of the giant asteroid Vesta was made of olivine, but at the American Geophysical Union's annual meeting from December 9, 2013 to December 13, 2013, Muriel Andreani, Isabelle Daniel and Marion Pollet-Villard of the University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 in France announced that at a temperature of 300 degrees Celsius and twice the deepest ocean pressure of the type that can be achieved on an industrial scale in the Japanese giga-pascal ultra-high tensile steel but they used a diamond anvil, they turned olivine and water into another mineral called serpentine, while liberating a huge amount of hydrogen gas in only a day, as opposed to the expected time scale of months, due to the catalyzing effect of aluminum in the olivine. Since olivine is a very cheap and common rock, while the Japanese steel can take the pressure, this can produce economical hydrogen on an industrial scale without resorting to the current methods, the cheapest of which burns a huge amount of coal, oil, or natural gas, which liberate a huge amount of global warming carbon dioxide. You won't see it used to power hydrogen fuel cars for years or longer, because high-tensile strength steel can become brittle in contact with hydrogen and explode from the repeated pressurization and depressurization that causes metal fatigue. But once solved, olivine is thought to be the most abundant mineral in Earth's upper mantle from where the volcanic magma flows up, and that there may be more water dissolved in the upper mantle olivine than all the water in Earth's oceans.) Erebus' lava lake in the inner crater produces Stromboliam eruptions. (Named after the Italian volcano called Stromboli, it ejects lava bombs up to hundreds of meters into the air, which is classified as only mildly explosive at relatively regular intervals of seconds to minutes, which as far as a volcano goes, means it's well-mannered and safe, sort of, kinda, for a volcano. The nature of this type of eruption means that it can continue to erupt in this manner for decades as Erebus did, while Stromboli in Italy has been producing steady and consistent Strombolian eruptions for thousands of years.) This type of volcano which erupts repeated at low danger levels is called a polygenetic volanic field, versus monogenetic volcanoe that erupts only once, of which Mount Fuji will be an example, because Fuji hasn't erupted in centuries and the next eruption may cover Tokyo in a thick layer of cinder against which Japanese car tires aren't equipped, although the wide-spread use of advanced braking systems may mitigate the hazards. Due to the very cold temperature at the summit that ranges from -20 C in the summer to -50 C in the winter, and because it's covered in glacier, few people bother trying to scale it, and even if they did, you're likely to be hit by a lava bomb. Air New Zealand did have an Antarctic fly-by sightseeing tour from 1977 to 1979 when the airplane crashed in a white-out condition, killing all 237 passengers and 20 crew. Mount Everest climber Edmund Hillary was supposed to be on that fateful flight but canceled it at the last minute. Mount Erebus is in that part of the Antarctica that New Zealand claims, but the Antarctic Treaty is supposed to have made the entire group of islands beneath the continental ice into an international zone. That hasn't stopped China from recently sending an exploration group in the hope of claiming minerals beneath the islands. Since all the volcanoes around the world which were previously thought to be dormant or dead are becoming active, it's just a matter of time before they all spew carbon dioxide and sulfer dioxide that turns the oceans into acid and the air into sulfurous acid, not much different from the planet Venus. You either have to kill everyone who burns carbon, or force everyone to use only nuclear reactors. Doing anything else will doom humanity.

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How things change

On January 27, 2013 (Today's story is the person who helped open Japan to the world after Commodore Perry came with his three black ships, by providing swift translations and who taught the latest western technologies to Japan.)

Happy birthday to 1827: John Manjiro, also spelt John Mung, who smoothed the treaties between Japan and US. He was actually born as the second-son Manjirou Nakahama into a poor family which earned a living by half-farming and half-fishing in the village of Nakahama in the country of Tosa. (It now corresponds to the Nakahama district in the city of Tosa-Shimizu in the province of Kouchi in the southern part of the major Japanese island of Shikoku -- "Four countries" -- across the narrow Seto In-land Sea from the Honshuu island of Japan and facing the Pacific Ocean where the powerful kuroshio stream runs. Kouchi boundaries is about the same as that of the previous tiny country of Tosa which was mentioned in Japan's old encyclopedia in the entry in 675 AD. 89% of Tosa is mountains, and back then, criminals used to be sent to a penal colony in here.) It was a period in Japan when the shogun had closed itself from the rest of the world, and especially the British, for fear of being conquered and turned into an enslaved country, like China and India among all the other countries that were conquered by the ferocious Britons, said the Dutch merchants who depicted themselves as benign. When Japan had originally closed itself, all the global-trotting Japanese who were in the rest of Asia and the American continents among other places were told that once Japan is closed, they can either stay where they are, or go back to Japan, because they won't be allowed to travel any more and the ocean crossing domestic ships will be destroyed along with the knowledge on their construction and navigation skills. Anyone caught coming into Japan will be executed. When Manjirou was eight years old, his father died. Because his mother and older brother were also chronically sick, possibly tuberculosis, he had to work to support his family. Normally, an eight years old boy would be going to the nearby temple to learn to read, write, and 'rithmetic, but because of the situation at his home, he dropped-out before he could read or write hardly anything. In 1841, 14 years old Manjirou went out on a fishing boat with four others who were brothers -- Goemon, Denzou, Toraemon, and Juusuke -- but a ferocious storm sent the boat off-course and adrift for five and a half days to the uninhabited Toshi shima ("Bird island") in the Pacific Ocean, where they lived for 143 days when US whaling ship, John Howland, rescued them. Since anyone who -- voluntarily -- left Japan was executed upon returning, the older crews asked to be let-off at Honolulu, Hawaii, where they would live. Captain William Whitfield took a liking to young and bright Manjirou who wanted to travel in the whaler. Manjirou was also surprised to look at a map of the world to learn how tiny all of Japan was, let alone his country within. Since his name was difficult for the rest of the crew, they called him by the name of their ship, and called his given name as his surname to become "John Mung". Later that year when the whaler went back to US, he lived with the captain as an adopted son who entrusted Manjirou to James Akin who enrolled him at the Oxford University in the town of Fairhaven in Massachusetts in 1843, and studied English, mathematics, navigation, survey, navigation skills, and ocean-crossing ship building at the Barrett Academy. Shaving-down on sleep to study as hard as possible, he came out head of the class. He heard of democracy, equality for women, and experienced racism because he looked like the hated Chinese. After he graduated, he went back aboard the whaler Franklin under Captain Ira Davis and whaling in the southern seas. When Ira became mentally sick and let-off at Manila in the Philippines, the rest of the crew voted for the new captain. He and another had the same number of votes but he stepped-down on account of that person's older age. The Franklin returned to New Bedford in Massachusetts in September 1849, and the crew were paid, and Manjirou had $350. In May 1850, he became home-sick, and decided that he was going back to Japan. In order to secure enough fund for the return trip, he went to San Francisco for the gold-rush and went up Sacramento River and then to the mountains by rail. In a few months, he found a job digging for gold in a gold mine with payment in gold. Once he earned $600 in gold coins, he went to Honolulu in Hawaii, where he talked with his four other boat-mates about going back to Japan, although they said it meant instant death, that Manjirou said was allowed because they were shipwrecked and were simply repatriating. (Japan wasn't a strictly-by-the-book country and many exceptions were always provided depending on the circumstances, although these were poor fishermen who've never experienced the fair Japanese judicial system. Even hidden Christians who were obviously Christians who hesitated to step on a cross were deemed non-Christians as long as they eventually stepped on it.) Toraemon refused to go back to Japan, while Juusuke died of a heart problem, but the other two wanted to go back to Japan. On December 17, 1850, they went aboard a merchant ship that went to Shanghai. From there, he bought a small ship, "Adventure", to head for the kingdom of Satsuma in the nearby Ryuukyuu Island chains of the southern most main Japanese island of Kyuushuu. (Satsuma controlled most of the current province of Okinawa, as well as the provinces of Kagoshima and south-western Miyagi in Kyuushuu.) Landing on February 2, 1851, they were interrogated by the officials on an outpost of an island but with the utmost courtesy extended to them before they were sent to the kingdom of Satsuma in Kyuushuu. The lord of Satsuma, Nariakira Shimazu (April 28, 1809 - August 24, 1858. 28th in the Shimazu line and 11th lord of the Satsuma kingdom.) was extremely interested in western works which only trickled into Japan through the Chinese, Korean, and Dutch literatures and welcomed Manjirou's group with open arms and asked him about western information and culture. Through Nariakira, Manjirou's vast knowledge on navigation and ship construction was put to good use to make an ocean crossing western-style ship. Taking note of Manjirou's knowledge of English and ship construction knowledge, Nariakira invited him as a lecturer at the local school for the nobilities and samurais, although after the long interrogation was over, Manjirou was sent to the Nagasaki Court that the shogun's Bakufu government had setup in Kyuushuu. The first thing they did was to have Manjirou's group step on a picture of Jesus to make sure that they weren't sent as a Christian avand-guard spy by the English. All the literatures that they had were also confiscated before a very long interrogation started to make sure that they were really marooned and shipwrecked. Then officials from the kingdom of Tosa came to escort them back home. Here they were interrogated by the fourth son of the local lord in the Kouchi Castle, Touyou Yoshida (1816 - May 6, 1862). The official scribe, Shouryou Kawada (December 15, 1824 - December 19, 1898), who wrote down the interrogation invited Manjirou to live in his own home during this period to commute to the daily interrogation while also teaching Manjirou how to read and write in the complex Kanji, hiragana, and katakana mixture, while Shouryou also took the time to learn English and US culture, being especially astonished by the superior technological developments of US. All of these informations were written by Shouryou and sent to Edo, the current Tokyo, and will also form the basis for the biolgraphy on Manjirou's travelogue, while also suggesting to othes such as Ryuuma Sakamoto that the only option open to Japan is to open-up to the west, go to the west, and play catch-up. Two months here and one-and-a-half after Manjirou had went back to Japan and 11 years since he was sent adrift and shipwrecked, in 1852, he was finally allowed to go back to his home. But he wasn't to become a farmer or a fisherman. He was given the rank of shibun, a samurai ranking which allowed him to carry a sword. Within this rank there are the foot-soldier and the cavalry knight who was allowed to ride a horse among a very long list of rankings that existed back then. Here he was ordered to be the teacher at the local kingdom's teacher's school, where he taught the likes of Shoujirou Gotou (April 13, 1838 - August 4, 1897) and Yatarou Iwasaki (January 9, 1835 - February 7, 1885. He's one of the founders of the Mitsubishi conglomerate.) Here he stayed to teach until 1853 when Commodore Perry came to force Japan open. Thanks to the thick documents of world-affairs that the Dutch merchants were providing every time they went to Japan for centuries, the shogun even knew the estimated arrival time of Commodore Perry's three black ships, but he didn't tell anyone else about it, leading many Japanese to spread rumors that the shogun is an incompetent fool who didn't foresee this startling event, that they must rise-up against the shogun and protect Japan from the foreign invaders. The shogun sent for Manjirou and raised him to the high samurai ranking of hatamoto. (If that sounds familiar, you saw Anjin-san given that ranking in the book and the mini-series television show "Shogun".) Here Manjirou was placed under Hidetatsu Egawa (June 23, 1801 - March 4, 1855) and ordered to teach about warships, surveying, navigation, and also to write a Japanese-English Conversation Book, translation of other English navigation books that were confiscated from Manjirou, as well as teaching conversational English. He also married Tetsu. (First of three wives. It's the Chinese word for "iron" as used in Japan, because whatever was the original and ancient Japanese word for iron was lost or superceded by this word that was used by the ethnic Chinese who formed Japan's upper class and they called iron as tetsu. It doesn't mean that she was ugly like a piece of iron, although "iwa" meaning "rock" as in "Iwa-chan" meaning "Rockie" was also a common name for girls in that era when they often died young from a disease, which led parents to give their daughters tough names in the hope that they'll be just as tough... and dirty names that end with "maru" meaning "potty" in the hope that ogres won't go near their boys.) Although Manjirou's teacher ranking was comparable to a professor, he soon left this school. Some of the reasons are said to be his ability to converse apparently-seemingly-flawlessly in English with Americans as equals, that made many high-ranking officials and professors jealous and bully this lowly peasant. Because he was shipwrecked when he was young, he was also the only Japanese who was capable of speaking Engish that the Americans could comprehend, who can also write Japanese fluently which made him the only person who can quickly translate what Commodore Perry was saying. (Actually, Manjirou's English was awful! Pronouncing "water" as "wara", "Sunday" as "sanray", "New York" as "New Yoh", but then that's how he heard it and spoke aboard the ship that rescued him, you land-lubbers. He may have learned to speak the funny English in an uneducated ship of fools, although it was close-enough that even a cultured and sophisticated English-speaker can figure-out what he meant to say. Some current Japanese schools that teach English will intentionally teach this funny English to the Japanese as "English that the Japanese can pronounce". Since he didn't study technical, let alone cultured Japanese before he was set adrift to US, he also had trouble translating technical English to technical Japanese.) The elder councillors to the shogun who only knew spoke Chinese and Dutch who hence had to talk to Commodore Perry through a Dutch-English translator also felt their positions were threatened accused Manjirou as a spy sent by US and forced him to step-down from the near-instantaneous written translations from behind the curtain that Manjirou provided during the negotiations, although he continued to provide assistance and advice in the negotiations. In 1860, he was a member of the delegate who went to US for the US-Japan Treaty of Amity and Commerce (Nothing but extra-territoriality which enslaved China to allow US, Britain, Russia etc to do anything they wanted above-the-law in China that was also imposed on Japan which wasn't yet conquered, although the shogun relented because the Dutch document depicted these Britons and Americans as so powerful that he was sure that the people who can so-easily conquer the vastly larger countries of China and India with only a hand-ful of soldiers will have no trouble annihilating a country as small as Japan.) aboard the domestically constructed ocean-crossing Kanrin-Maru. (Japan's second wooden warship but the first screw-propeller-driven wooden warship with three masts sail and a 100 horse-power steam engine to give it maximum of six knots or 10 kilo-meters a hour when departing port, since the propeller was raised above the water to avoid dragging the ship when literally sailing to and from US. Commissioned by the shogun in July 1855 to be built in Kinderdijk, Holland, launched in 1856, sent to Japan on August 4, 1857, sunk in 1871. 620 ton, 48.8 meters long by 8.74 meters wide. It carried 12 cannons. It's the first Japanese warship to cross the Pacific Ocean under captain Kaishuu Katsu [March 12, 1823 - January 21, 1899. Not his real name. He changed it because his real given-name, Yasuyoshi, was written with Chinese characters which can be read as "ahou" meaning "moron". Really O_O *o* <-surprised and squinting and can't believe faces.].) Arriving in San Francisco on March 17, 1860, aside from Manjirou and US technical advisor, navy man, and scientist John Mercer Brooke (December 18, 1826 - December 14, 1906) who were accustomed to crossing the oceans in ships, most Japanese who disembark from the ship had required aid from US sailors from US ship that it accompanied due to sea-sickness. Indeed, while Kaishuu was supposed to be the captain, John and Manjirou actually commanded this Japanese warship. Manjirou kept himself discrete so as not to give the impression that the Japanese are inferior and unable to navigate a ship. He worked as a translator and then went back to Japan, carrying a copy of Webster's Dictionary with him. In 1861, he accompanied hatamoto Tadanori Mizuno (1810 - August 26, 1868) for the development of the Ogasawara Islands that both Britain and US were planning to use as their base of operation for the conquest of Japan. (Located 1,000 kilo-meters south-south-east of Tokyo, it's a group of 30 or so islands whose collective land surface is 104 square kilo-meters. Its strategic location in the Pacific Ocean is also what led the Chinese vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, Liu Huaqing, to plan the 1982 conquest of Asia and the Pacific Ocean by conquering Ogasawara in the second stage from 2010 to 2020.) As noted, US let Britain have it as a rule of the "divide and conquer" by letting Britain and Japan fight over the ownershiop of the Islands, but Britain found a French book mention it as Japanese islands that the Japanese have been claiming all along and withdrew. He then spent several years as a translator and teaching English to others. In 1966, he established the school for nobilities and samurais in the kingdom of Tosa, where he taught English, survey skill, navigation, and others. In 1867, the kingdom of Satsuma invited him to teach English and navigation in Kagoshima, but as the anti-shogun groups became very active and plucking a man out of the blue as the Meiji Emperor whom everyone must treat as a demi-god, Manjirou retreated to Edo in December 1867. In 1869, after the Meiji Restoration government took over control of Japan from the shogun, the new government ordered him to teach English at a school which is now the University of Tokyo. As the Franco-Prussian War of July 19, 1870 to May 10, 1871 broke-out in Europe, Manjirou was among those who were dispatched to Europe in 1870 to observe it and study military science, although he became sick and had to convalesce in London, England. On the way back from Europe, they went to Washington DC in US where they were formally received as emissaries from Japan. Manjirou also took this opportunity to visit his foster father in Fairhaven to whom he gave his samurai sword as a gift. (Some versions state that it was his eldest son who gave a gift of this sword in 1918. The sword was bequested to a library in Fairhaven but someone stole it after World War II and only a replica model is on-display.) Manjirou also visited other friends in Hawaii before going back to Japan. Shortly after returning to Japan, he suffered a cerebral haemorrhage. Although he mostly recovered to near-normalcy in a few months, he lived a quiet life thereafter in the hope of not causing suffering it again. Many of the people he taught or worked with had become famous Japanese politicians and they all urged him to become a politician but he chose to remain as his role as an educator. Near the end of his life, when his friends from US came for a visit, he had forgotten how to speak English. (Remember that the Japanese language site is in the wrong hemisphere, so that when a Japanese becomes fluent in English, the person's Japanese language site in the brain disappears and forgets Japanese, and an English speaker such as Daniel Kahl who becomes fluent in Japanese starts forgetting how to speak English because it's on the opposite side of the brain. At least the Japanese language is great, if you suffer Angelman's Syndrome which makes you giggle al the time and easily excited, because it also destroys the regular English and other European language site in the brain and the person can't talk, but it doesn't affect the Japanese language site in the brain, so that any Japanese who suffers this "warai jougo" or "laughing spout" such as singer-actress Hiroko Moriguchi is lively and talkative, so that a non-Japanese with Angelman's Syndrome should learn Japanese to make him/her talkative.) He died on November 12, 1898 and buried at the Zoushigaya Cemetery. He was 72 years old. The gavestone was damaged/destroyed by the Tokyo Air Raid of World War II. In Fairhaven, the Manjirou Historic Friendship Society is renovating William Whitfield's home as a tribute to its historic value. In Tosa-Shimizu City where Manjirou was born, the John Mung Welcome Society is doing likewise. English books tend to have nothing but praises for Manjirou, but Japanese books get down to the nitty-gritty and his short-comings, such as his inability to draw only rudimentary pictures when words failed him to explain what he saw in US that he tried to explain in Japan. This story tried to balance what was spoken about him as written in English books and Japanese books, so if you now go out and read a book about Manjirou in English or Japanese, you're going to say...

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How things change

David Boulderston at the University of Leicester decided to see if the DS-1 Orbital Battle Station, known by the nickname of "Death Star" as depicted in "Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope" (1977) could destroy an Earth-size planet. David's assumptions uses the stated power-source, hyper-matter, as what powers this laser that can annihilate a planet and pacify all defiant planets. David's answer was that, yes, with the stated power output of several stars, it can. But he didn't state how to power this Death Star using conventional energy source that's available "out there", and in a far more compact format that's easier to defend. It's easy, really. A bit of black hole from a collapsed star can be fed matter and part of this energy can be used to power a magnetic confinement ring that directs the energy toward the rebellious planet in question, in only a few centuries to millennia, depending on how many hundreds or thousands of light years away it's located... Lacking a black hole or due to impatience, a neutron star only a few kilo-meters in diameter can be nudged with the same anti-gravity drives that power the futuristic space ships to cancel inertia and mass of the neutron star so that it can be moved to where you want, to do maximum damage in a few days or hours. The part of the neutron star that's not covered in the anti-gravity drive shield gets a full dosage of the powerful magnetic field, while any matter that falls onto the neutron star explodes out into a "death ray". In fact, any attempt to destroy this shield will doom the planet, even if it had the mass of Jupiter. In fact, since the neutron star has the mass of a big star, even a super civilization that enclosed its home star to get all the energy produced by the star can be sucked-in by the neutron star's gravitational field, and the matter that explodes out will destroy the rest of the civilization, including colonies located on other planets in this same star system by the introduction of the external star mass. Aside from sacrificing your civilization to save all other civilizations, the only way to control such a neutron star weapon is by making your own anti-gravity drive shield under your control that replaces the enemy's shield that you destroy before the neutron star weapon approaches anywhere near your star system where it can do harm. Sounds easy, doesn't it? As soon as someone invents an anti-gravity drive cluster that's kilo-meters in size, things can change a lot.

The more thing change, the more it remains the same. "Sherlock" is a monster hit television show in Britain that's now going for the third season. BBC wanted to sell the series in US, but Hollywood decided to rip-it off and make an exact copy, but set in modern US with US actors and call it "Elementary". US was always infamous for ripping-off European inventions and then complain with their "we invented it first" argument whenever someone else took it in turn. Did Hollywood have to be so blatant with this rip-off? Why not call it "Watson" for a change?

There's going to be an article on Romania in a month or so, which makes it worthwhile to comment that Romania is so hard-up for cash that if you buy something in a Romanian store, they pay you the change in chewing gum sticks -- paper currency is cheap to print, but change is made of metal which is more expensive to mint in a poor country, and chewing gum sticks under different brands are all identical in size and shape. As a result, organized gangs of thieves are going to places such as the Tesco store in England and stealing 700 pounds-currency-worth of gum in a shopping cart at a time and shipping it out to Romania, because as far as they're concerned, they're stealing money and shipping it back home to Romania. (It's a lot like North Korea: In the Gaeseong Industrial Complex in North Korea where 123 South Korean enterprises run their factories, they motivate their North Korean workers by giving them Choco-pies. [Not "pea" but "pie" as in "apple pie" that Lotte makes. Lotte's sales in Japan and South Korea are about equal. Korean stores in North America that claim to sell Japanese products pick Lotte products since the head guy is ethnic Koreean. This Choco-pie is a biscuit sandwich with marshmallow inside that's covered in chocolate. That's "marshmallow" as in sugar taffy, because the real marshmallow is extracted from the plant by that name which produces a lot of mucilagenous substance that was eaten so that any small cancerous mass will slip-away from your blood vessels and lymph vessels. But as far as I'm concerned, it's a tenaceous plant that's very difficult to eradicate, just like Japanese rose and licorice plant.] It only costs about 25 cents each and each worker got two a day, and the South Korean employers thought that their workers were eating them or giving them to their children, but it turned out that it's a very valueable commodity in North Korea, fetching a lot of money in the black-market.) Stealing pencils and paper clips and sending container loads of such things was something that the Russian gangs used to do, but how things change, when others start copying it. What next for the country that gave us Nadia the gymnast? Parking meters that accept chewing gum? Vending machines that accept pantie hose as payment and spits out a Choco-pie?

For a while, it looked as if organic light emitting diode (OLED) was beating the inorganic light emitting diode (LED) in many respects. The original blue LED that made Blu-Ray DVD and ultra-violet LED that made water purification, as well as original OLED were all made in Japan, but South Korea lept ahead by taking those developments into their products with the help of Russian designers, scientists, and engineers. Now, Tazmo Company Limited in Japan is hoping to narrow the apparently widening gap between OLED and LED with a new LED that produces an output of 30 lumens of bright light per watt of electric power input. The simpler structure of LED over OLED means that once LED can be made bright enough as Tazmo did, and of controllable brightness, LED may prove to be a superior candidate for the super-thin television. Will the South Koreans or the Japanese win the super-thin television race? At least one thing is certain: The South Koreans beat the Japanese with the current 3-D television which is looking more like a flop than a hit because of need for incompatible goggles, but the South Koreans were the first to sell it, although their products gave people headaches due to poor 3-D image. Those who waited for the Japanese got a 3-D television that was worth the wait. The same thing happened with the super-thin OLED television that the South Koreans are the first to introduce and sell, but which will likely break down far-more frequently, because they don't like to take the time to ensure that their product works. But, if all things are equal, the South Koreans and the Japanese are both using a lot of shoddy Chinese raw materials to make their parts, and Chinese parts to make their components, and Chinese components to make their products, causing both of them to fail after a year or two.

On January 27, 2012 (Today's story on "How things change" is a volcanic eruption. Along with the El Nino phenomenon that might or might not happen once in a person's life-time that rapidly turned into a biannual phenomenon, the once very rare magnitude 9.0 earthquake is becoming a "What! Again?" biannual phenomenon. Volcanic eruptions are also becoming very frequent around the world, and more so in Japan which has always had many volcanoes -- no one can say how many active volcanoes are in Japan, because volcanoes that volcanologists had once declared to be extinct are rumbling back to life, while dormant volcanoes that were not expected to become active for a long time are also becoming active. People are still lulled into believing that these things are predictable, that if it happened a century ago and two centuries ago, it won't happen for another century. In the era of thawing tundras that previously nailed the continental plates together to make them sluggish, which are now causing huge earthquakes, huge tsunamis, huge hurricanes/typhoons, huge winds with tornadic force, huge fungal growths that are destroying crop plants, and everything else that are huge and catastrophic, it's only going to become even bigger and more frequent, while the continental plates break-up into smaller pieces with more volcanoes and toxic gases spewing out of the new cracks.)

2011: 1,421 meters high Shinmoe Peak in Kagoshima province in the southern most main Japanese island of Kyuushuu erupted. "shin" here means "neo" and "moe" is "burn". This Peak is located in the middle of Kirishima Mountain in southern Kyuushuu island between the provincial borders of Kagoshima and Miyazaki provinces. The tallest peak is Kankoku Peak at 1,700 meters; it's spelt to mean "South Korea" because it was said that on a clear day, you can see South Korea from its summit although you can't really see it, at least not now, although its main fame is that shortly after Japanese singer Seiko Matsuda made her debut, she climbed this Peak. The entire Kirishima region is designated as a national park to discourage people from living nearby, although there is a Kirishima Hot Spa. It's also famous for raining 4,500 milli-meters a year, or 4.5 meters, with half of it pouring-down between June to August. Because the volcanic build-ups and the torrential rain and typhoons that wear-out weaker rocks create a fascinating scenery, it's also designated as one of the 100 Japanese sceneries and 100 famous Japanese mountains. Many early Japanese biologists also congregated here because this is the most southern and tallest mountain in the main Japanese islands and a volcanic region, and they weren't disappointed when they found many new species of plants and animals. "Kirishima" is spelt with the characters for "fog island". One theory is that this area is often shrouded in thick fog, and its peaks stick-out from the fog to look like islands, hence the name. The hot spring was discovered in 1714: The southern rebels from Satsuma clan in Kyuushuu who took-over from the shogun to form the Meiji Restoration government had one major character called Ryouma Sakamoto whom with his newly-wed wife Oryou went for their honeymoon at this hot spa in 1866. Kirishima also became Japan's first national park on March 16, 1934. This was also the on-site filming location for Ian Fleming's 12th novel and fifth movie James Bond 007 "You Only Live Twice" which was set in Japan but the book and movie radically departed from each other. [March 16, 1964 publication, 1967 movie. The title comes from a poem that James Bond writes fo Tiger Tanaka that went; "A person can only live twice: When you are born into this world, and when you confront death." This movie producers Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman and others were set to leave Japan on the bOAC flight 911 from Tokyo to Hong Kong on March 5, 1966, but two hours before departure, they were invited to see a ninja performance and they didn't get onboard. The flight took off but all onboard died in an accident, giving the movie crew their second lives. This also became the last novel to be published in full while Ian was still alive.] Shinmoe Peak is between Kankoku Peak and Takachiho Peak with its 750 meters in diameter crater situated within the Kirishima City in Kagoshima province, while the ridge is in Ridge is in Kobakashi City in Miyazaki province. Shinmoe Peak is among the younger volcanoes in the Kirishima volcanoes, forming from 25,000 years ago to 15,000 years ago. The volcanic activity then became dormant until the Edo Period when it was recorded as having erupted intermittently from 1637 to 1638, burning nearby fields and temples. But when the strata around Shinmoe Peak was surveyed for the ejecta from the event, no such trace was found, leading volcanologists to conclude that the people must have incorrectly recorded the eruption of the nearby volcano in Takachiho. Among the confirmed eruptions was the March 11, 1716 eruption when it causd a loud steam explosion that was accompanied with a column of black plume that rose to a height of 3,000 meters (Simple trigonometry: Know the distance between two observers and the angle at which they saw the top of the smoke. It's used for map-making surveys.) while the nearby Takazaki River turned into mud flow. The eruption continued for a year and a half, erupting and spewing an estimated 100 million cubic meters of ejecta and mud. During this period on November 9, 1716, a pyroclastic flow occurred at night, burning a nearby forest and 600 homes and buildings, injuring 31 people, and killing 405 horses and cattles. Rice paddies that produced enough rice for 66,000 were also destroyed This fire was reported 100 kilo-meters to the north. From February 7, 1717 to February 10, 1717, volcanic ashes fell on the east side of Kirishima. At around 9 AM on February 13, 1717, a pyroclastic flow destroyed 134 homes and buildings, killing one person and injuring 30 others, while killing 420 more horses and cattles. The agricultural land around the area was buried in 10 to 20 centi-meters thick ashes and rice paddies for 37,000 people were similarly damaged, including mud flow that buried them. The largest eruption in this period occurred on September 19, 1717 when hot cinder and ashes fell all around. Because the superstitious farmers were spreading rumors of god's fire, the Satsuma clan forbade anyone from praying as if this was a supernatural event. After the eruptions ended, the several thousand farmers who had evacuated to nearby towns and villages came back to restore the agricultural lands back to its former state for five years, while the Satsuma clan provided food. The eruption from 1771 to 1772 started with steam explosion, then magma, pyroclastic flow, and ashes, but no injury nor damages were reported. The next eruption was in the morning of January 12, 1822 when white smoke was observed near the summit, followed by steam explosion by that evening. Mud flow was observed in a river to the south of the volcano on January 14, 1822, while a new crater opening was observed about 4/5 up the volcano. The next explosion was on February 13, 1959, but it was a small explosion and no observation was made on this occasion, but on February 17, 1959 at 2:50 PM, the explosive eruption began, producing a black plume that rose 4,000 meters into the air. Explosive eruptions continued for the next several days as it gradually subsided. It was a dry steam explosion with no magma. The total energy released was calculated at 10 to the power of 12 joules, with 10,000 tons of ejecta and 8.6 million tons of ashes. It ended on the morning of August 30, 1962 when a black and white plume rose 300 meters into the air. The hot spa was evacuated and people feared mud flows. Ashes were three to five centimeters deep at Kobayashi City, while rock ejecta as much as a meter in diameter was ejected 1.3 to 1.5 kilo-meters away. The major damage was the ejecta damaging the branches of tea plants and mulberry trees. The ashes that fell with the ensuing rain damaged 190 hectares of wheat, 380 hectares of barley, 72 hectares of oat, and 26 hectares of canola productions. Forestry losses were calculated at 860 million yen, agricultural damages at 60 million yen. Total damages was estimated at 1.161 billion yen. The ashes and toxic gases wiped-out most of the unique plants, but the roots that survived came back to life. The eruptions are becoming more frequent in recent times. The next incidence was November 13, 1991 when volcanic earthquakes began shaking the ground till November 26, 1991. (Movement of molten magma underground causes this shaking.) There were also ash eruptions from December 1991 to February 1992, although no one was killed because climbing this volcanoe was forbidden from November 26, 1991 to January 30, 2004 when it was again allowed to be climbed. There's a crater lake some 150 meters down inside the crater that was normally emerald green, but near the end of April 2009, the color of the lake changed to brown, before reverting back to emerald green by early July 2009. A small-scale eruption was again noticed on March 30, 2010, followed by volcanic earthquakes, and small eruptions from May 2010 to July 2010. There was another small explosion on January 19, 2011, and then another short burst of eruption on January 26, 2011. At 3:40 PM on January 26, 2011 a plume rising 1,500 meters into the air was observed. At 3:41 PM on this chat date in 2011, a big scale explosion that wasn't observed for 52 years ocurred, causing a plume that rose 2,500 meters into the air. A pyroclastic flow was also observed on the north-west of the crater for a length of 1.5 kilo-meters. The level 2 warning for Shinmoe Volcanoe which was not risen since it was designated was raised to level 3 warning. Lightning was also observed near the crater. Next day, the Unviersity of Tokyo's Earthquake Research Institute sent observers to make observations from an airplane and they noted that the volcanic lake inside the crater had disappeared, and replaced by a molten lava dome several dozen meters in diameter. A million cubic meter magma reservoir at a depth of three kilo-meters below the crater and another with six million cubic meter magma located 10 kilo-meters to the east-north-east at a depth of six kilo-meters was announced. By January 30, 2011, the molten lava dome had grown to a diameter of 500 meters and its height was now near the crater rim. At 7:54 AM on February 1, 2011, the fourth explosive eruption occurred causing an air pressure wave of 458.4 pascals up to 3.2 kilo-meters to the south-east, shattering over a 100 window panes some six kilo-meters away, leading several people to be treated for glass shard cuts. This air pressure wave was felt as far away as Ehime and Kouchi province in Shikoku island. A volcanic bomb 70 by 50 centimeter was found 3.2 kilo-meters to the south-west of the Volcano, as well as a hole in the ground measuring six meters in diameter and 2.5 meters deep. This led the no-entry zone to be increased to four kilo-meter radius around the Volcano. It's estimated that from January 26, 2011 to this chat date in 2011, there was ashes and ejecta weighing 70 million tons. After the fourth explosion, the molten lava dome had enlarged to 600 meters in diameter. It was feared that a major explosion that blows major volcanic bombs everywhere will come, but the explosive power and frequency decreased rapidly throughout February 2011. But at 5:07 AM on February 14, 2011, another major explosive eruption occurred, sending 80 bombs one to three centi-meters in diameter a distance of 10 kilo-meters away in Kobayashi City. The air pressure wave also reached 332.1 pascals at 3.2 kilo-meters, and cracked the glass sunroof of a car parked 16 kilo-meters to the north-east of the Volcano, although it likely had a small crack that was enlarged. Because of the advances in computer power that can interprete all the data that it receives from sensors which can be presented as not just numbers but the virtual image of the volcanic strata beneath the ground, the VIsualization system for Volcanic Activity is now deployed to find out what's happening with this Volcano.

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How things change

How things change. The World Bank used to be the one to go when countries and big companies needed money. Now, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Argentina, almost all African countries, and others are getting it from mainland China. The Financial Times is reporting that the World Bank only lent $100.3 billion in 2009 and 2010, while China -- through its Bank of China, China Development Bank, and Export-Import Bank of China -- lent over $110 billion to secure guaranteed oil and to make infrastructures. Who wants Japanese bullet trains, when the Chinese counterfeiters can offer their cheap immitation bullet trains with schools, water purification plants, and factories thrown-in as bonus on the cheap? So the infrastructures won't last as long but those countries governments don't last that long either, so the next governmeht can always blame the last government if it doesn't work well.

It was, what? Going on about three-quarter of a century since the Japanese made one of the first aircraft carriers. China hasn't made one yet, but it's about to recommission its first aircraft carrier, 55,000 ton Varyag, an oldie derelict that it bought from Ukraine in 1998 that was towed to the port city of Dalian for a refit. All essentials from the engines and power generation machines to navigational systems and working places are in working order, and the only things that aren't working are the non-essentials such as elevator and flight deck. It becomes the model that the Chinese technicians will learn about to make more aircraft carriers just like it, and onced China purchase the Russian SU-33 fighters and adapt the Chinese J-11 fighters for the aircraft carrier based operations, its pilots will also learn to fly them from such carriers. Since General Electric will teach the Chinese how to make jet engines, and the Japanese will teach them how to make nuclear reactors, it won't be long before the Chinese have their own fleet of nuclear missile carrying nuclear submarines guarding their fleet of nuclear aircraft carriers that carry nuclear guided missiles, thanks to all the cheering US consumers who bought the toxic Chinese trinkets that made all this possible. How things change. But the Chinese won't make it. Whether they are nuclear powered or diesel powered, they're classic aircraft carriers without active shields. There's no computerized eye with a "catcher's glove" that can catch a missile and direct it downward or detonate it with an explosive glove, no hydraulic extendable arms that can pluck sea-mines and torpedoes from the water. No semi-submersible runway to protect from tactical nuclear artillery or plasma generators to protect it from radar guided missiles and torpedoes. No laser cannon to shoot-down tactical nuclear artilleries. They all depend on the classic triple shield for aircraft carriers for which easy attacks are known: Attack only the port side, and the entire aircraft carrier will tip-over and sink...

On January 27, 2011 (how things change when you go from a demi-god to an ordinary joe.)

1971: This is the Hayama Imperial Villa Arson Incidence at around 10:25 PM in the Japanese Emperor's villa in the Hayama town in the central western part of Miura Peninsula in Miura county in Kanagawa province next to Tokyo metropolis in the Kantou region of the main Honshu island of Japan. To the north is Zushi city and to the east and south is Yokosuka city, and a bay to the east where they have yacht race, swimming, and other marine sports and activities. On a clear day, you can even see Mount Fuji that every Japanese seem to cherish so much. The land itself is made of many hills and famous people have built their villas and cottages away from home, including the Japanese Emperor's villa which was constructed in 1894 at Isshiki Beach where the Taishou Emperor died and the Showa Emperor was crowned. ("Isshiki" is actually written and pronounced just like "Itshiki" which was given the classification of a village in 1878 after the Meiji Restoration of the Emperor system and all the small Japanese countries became provinces. There was an amalgamation of the six villages in the area into Hayama village in 1889, and then Hayama town in 1925. The fire fighter headquarter opened on March 29, 1968, but the fire department itself wasn't opened until April 1, 1970 and are both located at number 2050 Horiuchi in Yayama town. It now has 47 fire fighters in three squads.) It was in such a place that the automatic fire alarm sounded and indicated a fire in the imperial bathroom/makeup-room's ceiling in the Imperial Villa. The Imperial Household Agency (It's a copy of the Agency that was mentioned in the Japan History book in 680 AD that handled all household needs, security, diplomacy, and maintenance affairs regarding the imperial household which was resurrected in 1869 and the staff eventually grew in number to 6,200 by 1945, but down to 1,500 by 1947. As you recall, when the Chinese politician wanted to see the Japanese Emperor recently in 2010, the bird-brain Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama ordered this staff to arrange a quickie meeting, but the staff complained because there's a one month wait period during which time the staff has to search everything about the guest's background to make sure that the Emperor doesn't do or say any diplomatic blunder due to history, custom, or misinterpretations and mistranslations, but the bird-brain rammed the meeting through, claiming that he's the one paying their salaries.) and the Imperial Palace Guard (A detachment that's drawn from the police force to protect the lives of the royal family, its properties, and guests with a special issue gun, baton, and pepper spray. They dress just like any Japanese police officer, but the uniform jacket collar has an insignia identifying their status, and the police whistle is a dark red.) started the fire extinguishing, but also called for backup from the nearby Hayama town fire fighters and the Kanagawa provincial police's Hayama police department. Unfortunately, it has been abnormally dry and the building was made of highly flammable Japanese cypress (Latin genus/specie name Chamaecyparis obtusa. Only grows in central part of the island of Honshu starting at Fukushima province down south to the southern major island of Kyuushu in Japan and a similar tree in Taiwan's cypress whose Latin name is Chamaecyparis obtusa variant formosana -- the Taiwanese variant contains an essential oil called hinokitiol which isn't found in the Japanese cypress. Oldest living cypress tree in Japan is about 450 years old but the oldest in Taiwan is 2,000 years old. The trunk can become 30 meters in diameter so that a really richman may show-off his wealth by carving this tree into a house. It's insecticidal property makes it the ideal wood for the most expensive furnitures, and also the most expensive but the finest architectural materials, because when used correctly, it will last over a thousand years. A good example is the Houryuu Temple which has now lasted for 1,400 years. Unfortunately, the Japanese name for this tree is "hinoki", which is interpretable as meaning "fire tree" because it catches fire very easily when dry.) so that despite the valiant efforts, the main house but not the detached building burnt down completely. Next day, the Hayama police department setup the Hayama Imperial Villa Fire Incidence Investigation Headquarter with the participation of the Imperial Palace Guard and the National Research Institute of Police Science or NRIPS (Originally established at 2-1 Sekigahara in the Chiyoda district of Tokyo in May 1948 to use and develop scientific methods to analyze the evidences at the crime scenes and with active participation of university forensic researchers. Starting in 2005, a national DNA data management administration has been started. It's an awfully late-comer in DNA analyses because the Japanese police is heavily curtailed in judicial and legal powers by US occupation force imposed Japanese Constitution, with the privacy of criminals overwhelmingly protected over the lives of the victims who are not. It takes a really big crime such as the Lucie Blackman case and the AUM Shinrikyou Tokyo subway sarin gas poisoning attack to give the Japanese police a bit more power each time it happens.) with 160 people investigating this incidence. (Compared to the other instances where thousands and even hundreds of thousands of police officers participate, this wasn't a big operation, but then the Japanese Emperor has fallen from the pedestal and is no longer demanded to be worshipped as a demi-god, and no human life was killed nor harmed in this fire.) They started with the theory that there was some electric short-circuit or some other accidental fire, but they found that the entrance door's lock was removed; the sliding doors and gates inside the building was usually open to ventilate to keep the inside cool, but the sliding doors were closed; the Emperor Room's sofa cover was removed and had charred, indicating that this is where the fire originated, even though no one was allowed to be here; a pair of glasses that didn't belong to anyone authorized to be within the villa compound was discovered and was believed to belong to the firebug who started this fire. On February 5, 1971, a 20 years old man with a history of schizophrenia surrendered to the Kanagawa provincial Tsurumi police department to confess that he started the fire. On this chat date, he was playing the pachinko pinball game with a friend when he ran out of money, so he went to Hayama to borrow some money from an aunt but she wasn't at home. Since he had read about the Hayama Imperial Villa, he decided to sneak inside and steal valuable that he can hock for cash. He went into the Emperor's Room and took out the sofa cover and took a nap. He then smoked a cigarette and looked for valuable, but angered that there was nothing of value to be found, he decided that since this building was built with tax money -- "his money" -- he decided to burn it to the ground since he thought there's no consequence in burning his property. That's all it was, but the investigators checked to see if he was a leftist or an anti-emperalist, but interviewing his family and fellow company workers showed that he hadn't ever mentioned the Emperor in any conversation. The Yokohama District Court's public prosecutors had him tested for psychiatric evaluation and was found to be schizophrenic and not responsible for his action, so he was sent to a mental hospital in Yokosuka city. This villa was rebuilt in 1981. The Showa Emperor wasn't present because he usually comes here from February to March; it's not used during the summer because there are so many tourists for the marine sports and swimming recreational activities. (The Meiji Emperor, the first Japanese Emperor to be honored after the Meiji Restoration never used the Hayama Imperial Villa, but the German doctor Erwin von Baelz [January 13, 1849 - August 31, 1913; hired to teach at the Tokyo Medical School -- now the Tokyo University's School of Medicine -- in 1876, married Hanako Toda of Togawa city in Aichi province, quit teaching at the School in 1902, went back to Germany with Hanako in 1905.] insisted that Hayama has the right temperature and environment to keep the Emperor healthy and that led this villa to be constructed that the Taishou Emperor used and where he died at age 47, while the Showa Emperor got his "Showa" name here. The Showa Emperor who was a marine biologist researched marine biology at this villa. He usually uses the Suzaki Imperial Villa in Shimoda city in the southern part of Izu Peninsula in Shizuoka province in the Toukai region of Honshu island from July to August; constructed in 1971, this compound by the sea-shore has its own private beach which won't be bothered by tourists. There's also the Nasugo Imperial Villa in the town of Nasu in Nasu county in north-eastern Tochigi province in the Kantou region of Honshu island next to Gunma and Saitama provinces which was constructed in 1926 that's usually visited in August to September, although in 2008, the Heisei Emperor visited it in the autumn from October 24, 2008 to October 27, 2008. (In 2007, about half the ground of this villa representing 570 hectares was transferred from the Imperial Household Agency to the Ministry of the Environment. Starting in 2011, this 570 hectares becomes part of the nearby Nikko National Park and open to the public.) But how things changed since the Japanese Emperor was reduced to a mere mortal status. Ever since the Meiji Restoration government put the poor Japanese Emperor of Korean lineage who was reduced to a pauper's status and told everyone in Japan to honor him so that the extra-territoriality treaty that US and Britain had obtained from the shogun's Bakufu government can be canceled and Japan can become one of the few non-white countries not to be enslaved by the whites, this government had given him 10 other huge villas, the first of which was the Atami Imperial Villa in Atami City in Shizuoka province which was constructed in 1888 but which is now the Atami city hall. The last in those series of 10 villas was the Shiobara Imperial villa in Nasushiobara city in northern Tochigi province in Kantou region of Honshu island which was constructed in 1904 and which is now the National Myouryou Residence of the Ministry of Health, Social Welfare and War Victims' Relief Bureau that's used as a rehabilitation center. After the Showa Emperor became a mere mortal, he only had three villas. The current Heisei Emperor who got that "Heisai" name and became the current Emperor of Japan in 1989 visits Hayama every month or two.

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How things change

Remember "Monkey Punch"? That's the pseudonum of the 72 years old man who has been writing "Lupin III" comic for almost half-a-century. He doesn't use a real pen, but an electronic pen that was created by Wacom of Japan. The harder you squeeze on the pen, the thicker the line that's drawn on the electronic liquid crystal display sheet that can be moved around like a canvas sheet. Like any electronic display, you can electronically erase a mistake, zoom-in for detail, and then zoom-out to see how it looks like over-all. Since you have to keep pressing on a pen, there are also pens that measure your heart pulse rate. The University of Tokyo researchers headed by Kiyoshi Itao also started a nonprofit organization called the Advanced Institute of Wearable Information Networks, or abbreviated to "WIN" that made a health monitoring sensor network using a small sensor that's attached to a human body and linked to the network by a laptop or a cellular telephone. They call it a human recorder system, and it measures not just the heart beat pulse wave shape for any sign of heart attack, but also body temperature, respiration, brain wave, accelerated velocity as when a person is about to fall, and other measurements. The sensor module operates at 2.4 giga-hertz and runs for three to four days on a CR2032 (That's a lithium battery sold at a dollar shop, two for a dollar, and the numbers designate 20 milli-meters in diameter and 3.2 milli-meter thick, or was that 2.0 milli-meters thick and 32 milli-meters in diameter? Anyway, it's cheap.) Their Human Recorder model "HRS-I" which is 30 milli-meters long by 30 milli-meters wide and five milli-meters thin that only weighs seven grams also detects movements with a three-axis acceleration sensor. It can also measure the level of stress by its electro-cardiogram's autonomic nervous system reading and the heart beat rate. The sensor is 30,000 yen or about $300, and remote monitoring for the elderly people living on their own is 10,000 yen a month or $100 a month. How things change, in their belief that old people are rich. They're not! They're poor and barely making ends meet. How many of them can afford this much money every month? The people who can afford this system isn't the elderly, but the military. You want to measure the stress levels and all other physiological data for each soldier, including guards who may be hit on the head by an intruder, and you want to know where the enemy is attacking from. For soldiers, this is a life-saving device, and the military is more than happy to shell-out $300 for the device and whatever the monitoring cost happens to be. Once they manufacture this by the millions, the price will go down dramatically and they get more sophisticated with digital encryptions and other features. Once that happens, then you can stick one of these on a feeble old peopole who wants to live by themselves.

Cardiologists Subramaniam Krishnan and Miguel Salazar at the University of California at Irvine are claiming that they found a pouch-like "cul-de-sac" in the left atrial chamber of the heart that may allow blood clots to form, which may be the 80% of the over 700,000 annual strokes in US for which in a third of the cases, the source of the blood clots cannot be determined, and that these pouches are present in 30% 5o 35% of individuals, and hence may be the cause of those unknown causes. How things change from the era when doctors were depicted as dedicated, and smart. They're just silly people. These things don't occur in a third of US population unless it's beneficial. In any case, strokes are triggered by infections that destabilize the body's delicately balanced clotting mechanism, not because there's a pouch in the heart. If they haven't read the history of medicine and don't want to know the history of medicine, then it's time for them to pack-up and become a taxi driver or an airplane pilot, because they certainly don't know anything about medicine.

On January 27, 2010 (Today's "how things change" was to be on the unsolved mystery of a Japanese serial killer who killed girls, young women, and middle-aged women from 1975 to 1989, five of seven killed by strangulation -- the other two were indeterminable because they were skeletons when they were discovered -- within a radius of 20 kilo-meters in the Saga province. In six of the seven cases, they went missing on Wednesdays from the evening to night. A suspect was arrested, but lack of sufficient evidences led to his release and it remained unsolved to this date in an era when there was a statute of limitation of 15 years for killing people, so that he became legally scot-free in 2004 when the statute of limitation was augmented to 20 years, so that even then, he became free in 2009, provided he hasn't killed anyone else for the killings for which he wasn't blamed.

But someone important wasn't yet covered, so the story took a turn and here he is.)

Happy birthday to 1887: Carl Blegen, the archaeologist who supposedly confirmed that Homer's book "Iliad" which described the destruction of the ancient city of Troy wasn't a fable from an imaginative mind but a real historic event. First, Homer is a character from the 8th century BC, meaning about 2,800 years ago, a Greek epic poet who was credited with writing the epic poems called the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey". The Greek people since his era thought that he was one person who composed these historic events that took place in his era as oral poems that were handed-down through others. Why poems? As you know, every poem follows linguistic rules such as ending in rhymes, or haiku which follows five/seven/five syllables -- syllables are vowels or consonant followed by vowel, so that "Pokemon" is four syllables "Po-ke-mo-n" in Japanese, and "ai" is two syllables "a-i". These rules tax the poet's mind to make it a good linguistic exercise for your mind, and it also serves as a memory reminder which allows anyone who heard the epic story to remember it and recite it accurately every few words, since the linguistic rules serve as a self-correcting proof-reading system. (People also remember quirky poems as well, such as the official Canadian national anthem "O Canada" which mentions "... we stand on God for thee..." which is weird and insulting for any religious person who's told that you have to de-face God for Canada, and for the lawyer who wrote this wording, since the Canadian court of law requires people to swear to tell the truth and nothing but the truth on a Bible. The popular and non-official version of this song changes it to "... we stand on guard for thee...".) These poetic history stories by Australian aboriginals don't mention how long ago they were made, but the mention of peculiar fauna and weather have allowed many of the stories to be pegged to be tens of thousands of years ago. African stories, North American native stories, and many other languages which went extinct carried vast historic events that can now be correlated to carbon-14 dating and archaeological dig data to produce a very accurate set of histories. While oral and written histories that are thousands of years old exist in abundance around the world, many are not verifiable through archaelogical evidences, and many such poet-historians didn't seek to verify if what they were told were true events or just fanciful imaginary stories. It's also thought that while Homer may have been a historic person, there's not much reliable biographic information about him to say that he did exist. (It's like Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, an ethnic Indian whose family became Saudi Arabian who was born on March 10, 1957, who's popularly known as Usama bin Laden or Osama bin Laden, who is credited with every single successful al Qaeda operation such as 9-11, but whom mybookshop said was not in charge of the operations, although all al Qaeda operative who actually carried them out give all the credits to him to both turn him into a demi-god "superman" to be worshipped by everyone, while they can operate in the shadow without arousing suspicion. In other words, he exists, but he may be a puppet king who is used as the personification of al Qaeda.) Just as Augustus Buell, Peter McKillop, Mason Locke Weems, and Procopius of Caesarea wrote fanciful fake stories that are now re-written by others as historic events that move into history books, many people wrote fanciful stories about Homer. Lucian of Samosata (Circa 125 AD - 180 AD) said that "Homer", which was written in Greek as "Homeros" was actually a Babylonian whose real name was Tigranes who was taken hostage by the Greeks, and the Greek captives called him "Hostage", or "Homeros" in Greek. Even if that was to be believed, "homeros" can also mean "blind" and he may have been a blind person whom, unable to do anything else, may have used his other senses to store stories that others told him so that he served as a living library for others who hence was allowed to live despite his handicap. In any case, it's now known that the epic stories attributed to this Homer follow different styles indicative of very ancient stories that were handed-down by many people before it fell upon Homer. The Iliad itself is a poem with about 15,700 lines that contains a mixture of several Greek dialects which is an indication that it was passed-down through many people in various Greek regions. Since Homer was said to have lived in the 8th century BC, it was originally presumed to have taken place around his era. It's a short event that took place in the final few weeks of decade-long Trojan War. The War began when Paris of Troy stole Helen, the wife of Spartan King Memelaus (Sparta was a city-state in Greece in an era when Greece was made of many small countries. Menelaus was son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope, the brother of the Agamemnon King of Mycenae. It's a very twisted story that involves incest and cannibalism which is now widely known to be quite common in ancient Europe, not just the 780,000 years old buchered remains of Homo antecesor in the Gran Dolina in Atapuerca in Spain, and not just in the 12,500 to 14,000 years old Gough's Cave in the Cheddar Gorge in Britain, but just a few thousand years ago.), from which we have the story of the "Helen of Troy" whose beauty launched a thousand ships to recover Helen. After a decade of failed siege, the Greeks apparently gave-up, destroying their tents and leaving in their ships, but leaving behind a big wooden horse which the Trojans thought to be the Greek offering to the brave Trojans for being able to withstand it for so long, but when they carried it inside, inside the hollow horse were Greek soldiers whom under cover of night opened the gate of the walled city of Troy so that the Greek ships that came back under cover of night could attack the city and retrieve Helen, and kill every Trojan using very cruel and tortuous methods, except for a few women and children to be kept or sold as slaves. But they desecrated the Trojan temples that earned the ire of the Trojan gods, and most Greek ships were destroyed or blown off-course to far-away lands where they formed new Greek colonies, which is why there's even a Central Amerian native tribe who says they're Greek. And where was Troy? Troy's King Priam and Priam's son Hector didn't survive the slaughter, but Priam's second cousin Prince Anchises' son Aeneas survived the Spartan slaughter -- since even Poseidon who normally help the Greeks favored Aeneas who was also favored by god Apollo -- and Aeneas' mother, goddess Venus/Aphrodite, led him to what is now Rome. The ancient Greeks who read the story of Iliad thought that Troy was located near Dardanelles in current Turkey, and they saw nothing wrong with having gods living among mere mortals, but modern era historians regarded it as pure mythologies when gods and goddesses were invoked. Among those who thought that Homer's stories were real was German businessman and part-time amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann (Born on January 6, 1822, in Neubukow, Mecklenburg-Schwerin which is now a German province, died December 26, 1890, in the Italian city of Naples.) who read Iliad and declared at age eight that he was going to excavate Troy. He was poor, but he showed great talent in business judgement while he eventually learned to speak Arabic, Dutch, English, French, Greek, Italian, Latin, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, and Turkish. (That's not a big deal. Many Europeans speak a dozen or more languages and look down on anyone who doesn't speak at least three, and if you only speak three, one of those three had better be a difficult language like Japanese.) For a long time, he just made money, and his wife Ekaterina Lyschin just wanted him to make even more money, so he did, such as purchasing saltpeter (potassium nitrate) and sulphur that with charcoal is used to make black powder for the Crimean War of 1854 to 1856, as well as lead that's used to make the bullets that he resold to Russia. (In other words, he was a "merchant of death" who made money off the misery of others.) By 1858, he was so rich that he could retire and look for Troy. His wife didn't want to go away to dusty places and remained in Russia, so he used the lax divorce law of Indiana state in US in 1869 to divorce her in absentia. British archaeologist Frank Calvert (1828 - 1908) who excavated the mount of Hisarlik in Turkey as the possible site of the ancient city-state of Troy, although it wasn't Frank who found it but Charles Maclaren (1782 - 1866) who was the editor of the sixth edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica in 1820 who went through ancient documents while preparing the Encyclopaedia that Charles declared Hisarlik as Troy in 1822. It helped that Frank's brother Frederick bought 2,000 acres or eight square kilo-meters of farm at Akca Koy that included eastern half of the Mount Hisarlik and explored the mound for proof, since the Ottoman government owned the western half of the Hisarlik mound. After the Crimean War had ended, Frank told about his suspicions to Heinrich who excavated the mound from 1873 to 1890 to find artefacts that were used to credit Heinrich with discovering Troy, although it was descendants of the Calvert families that are now claiming the ownership for the treasures that are dug out of this mound. But so far, it only proved that this mound contained archaeological treasures and valuable object treasures from some sort of an ancient civilization, and not a proof that this was Troy of the Iliad. Carl was born as Carl William Blegen to Norwegian immigrant parents, Greek/German professor at Augsburg College in Minneapolis father John H. Blegen and mother Anna and born in the city of Minneapolis, in the state of Minnesota in US on this chat date in 1887. Of his two sisters and three brothers, brother Theodore became a historian who traced the immigration pattern of Norwegian Americans. After Carl obtained his bachelor's degree from the University of Minnesota in 1904, he enrolled at the Yale University in 1907 for his graduate studies, and then he did his fellowship from 1911 to 1913 at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, Greece, where he did excavations at Locris, Corinth, and Korakou when World War I began and he had to put that work on hiatus for a while to do relief work in Bulgaria. After the War, he went back to US to get his Ph.D. from Yale in 1920 before he went back to Athens in 1920 to become an assistant director of the American School of Classical Studies. From then till 1926, he excavated at Zygouries, Phlius, Prosymna, and Hymettos. During this time, he met female carchaeologist Elizabeth Denny Pierce whom he later married in 1924 in Lake Placid in New York State, US. Carl was convinced that Iliad was historically based fact, although US history books would have you believe that no one believed it, when in fact all the ancient Greeks believed it, as did Charles, not to mention Frank and Heinrich who excavated the mound to find artefacts to prove that it was the site of an ancient civilization. In 1927, Carl became a professor of classic archaeology at the University of Cincinnati. It wasn't until 1932 that Carl began excavating Hisarlik that Heinrich had already excavated in 1871 to 1873 and then 1878 to 1879, as did Wilhelm Dorpfeld from 1893 to 1894. Digging for seven years using the new technologies available in the 1930's, Carl separated the artefacts from two periods, starting with the Troy I and Troy II in the Bronze Age. Whether it's valid or not, Carl saw a total of 47 different strata in Troy indicating that Troy was built and rebuilt at least that many times. Among the new tools available in the 1930's was photography that was first used to map the site. On the sixth layer from the bottom, Troy VI, he saw that the walls were destroyed by a natural disaster, not a war, as Wilhelm had claimed. But on the layer above that, Troy VII, he found human bones and arrow heads, as well wood ashes indicative of a war and a destruction by fire which matched the story of Iliad. The mound of Hisarlik was excavated under his direction till 1938 when he switched the excavation to Pylos in mainland Greece in 1939. Here was found a clay tablet written in Linear B, an undeciphered text that was previously found only on the Mediterranean island of Crete -- now the largest Greek Islands but not on the mainland of Greece -- Arthur Evans (July 8, 1851 - July 11, 1941) who excavated the palace of Knossos (Knossos was a largest known Bronze Age site in the island of Crete.) first examined them and found that they appeared in two different types of scripts that he called Linear A and Linear B of which there were far more Linear B. Scores of the tablets were found, but it was thought to be a language unrelated to Greek. Michael Ventris (1922 - 1956) first heard of Linear B in 1936 when 85 years old Arthur gave a tour on the subject when 14 years old Michael heard from Arthur that it wasn't yet deciphered. Michael could see that because it had pictures of swordsd, spears, horses, chariots next the characters, those characters must represent numbers of those objects. Since the total numbers were often written on the bottom of the lists, Michael matched the character shapes to find out what the symbols were for one, 10, 100, and 1,000. That left behind 89 other characters that must be syllables. It was too few to be pictograms like Chinese where you had thousands of symbols, yet too many to be consonants and vowels like alphabets, so they had to be syllables like the Japanese hiragana (The curvy characters made by woman.) and katakana (The blocky straight line characters made by men.) where each character represents vowels, consonant followed by vowels, and a few consonants. Michael also saw that eight Linear B characters were identical to eight Cypriot script characters. Cypriot script was syllabic like Japanese hiragana and was used to write Greek. (As mybookshop already noted, the Japanese do not pronounce every vowel that's attached to a syllabic character, and that's how the Japanese identify a foreigner speaking pig-Japanese ove a poor telephone connection for trying to say the Japanese letters, rather than speaking Japanese words.) Michael contributed his work at age 18 when he wrote on the subject of Linear B in a 1940 issue of the American Journal of Archaeology. Arthur had previously called Linear B as a Minoan language (The Minoan civilization was a civilization on the island of Crete that existed from 2,700 BC to 1,450 BC when it collapsed, and the Mycenaean culture arose on this island. Linear A is associated with the Minoan civilization and Linear B with the Mycenaean culture. Linear B pre-dates the current Greek alphabets by several centuries and disappeared when the Mycenaean Greek culture disappeared.), but Michael said that Linear B was a dialect related to Etruscan, which was also wrong, although Michael refused to admit it for 15 years. In the later 1940's, Emmett Bennett Junior and Alice Kober showed the mistakes made by Arthur and Michael. Emmett showed that some Linear B characters that Arthur claimed to be pictograms were phonetic, meaning one character didn't have a meaning but was a syllabic. Then Alice showed that some words in Linear B that were in similar contexts had different word endings, just like Greek and Latin. Alice showed that the differences were different vowels. Similarly, she showed that other characters shared the same vowel but different consonants which identified the five vowels and the consonants in the Linear B. In 1951, Carl published a list of Linear B tablets that were discovered in 1939 at Pylos, and Michael noticed that the words that Alice wrote about did not appear on any Pylos clay tablet, and deduced that they might be names of places within the island of Crete. Using educated guess, he saw that one of the words mentioned A?Ni?, which looked like the port of Knossos called Amnisos which led him to conclude that the two unknown characters might stand for 'm' and "so" with the last 's' dropped since Cypriot mentioned it but was dropped in Linear B. Looking at another word, he found that it said Ko-No-So, which was Linear B for "Knossos". Michael realized this in mid-1952, that Linear B was an early Greek, that Greek evolved from Linear B. Michael talked about it on the July 1, 1952 BBC radio program, although no one believed him. Carl heard it, and in May 1953, Carl sent Michael a copy of a tablet that was just found in Pylos with a three footed caldron and a word in Linear B, which by using Michael's deciphered pronunciation can be read as Ti-Ri-Po-De. Using this discovery, the Linear B that was next to a pictogram of a goblet with four handles can be read as Greek for "goblet with four ears", while a pictogram of a goblet without a handle was "goblet with no ear". This allowed Carl to deciphered it as stating that this was once a palace and indicated that it was written in early Greek. Carl argued that if this was an ancient Greek palace, then it must be the mythological palace of Pylos since it was in the region that's even now called Pylos, and hence the one mentioned in the Iliad where lived King Nestor of Gerenia. (Son of Neleus and Chloris. When Heracles -- known to the Romans and current westerners as Hercules -- killed Neleus and all the other sons and sisters using the cruel and tortuous method that Heracles always boasted and bragged about to everyone else to copy, Nestor was the only survivor of that slaughter. Different stories have Nestor at various ages and doing dissimilar things.) With the availability of carbon-14 dating and other methods by 1939, the clay tablets in the stratum that contained the organic matter was dated to about 1,250 BC, around the time that King Nestor was thought to have lived. From 1952 to 1969, almost 1,100 clay tablets recording various palace transactions were found at Pylos. Carl was received well by archaeologists of his era since he used the best scientific methods available in his era, although like the previous excavations, there was no hard evidence such as a clay tablet stating "This is Pylos", and it too showed that there was some ancient civilization, but nothing to indicate what the name was, because there were likely hundreds of city-states that arose and fell in Pylos over the thousands of years. The digs were halted during the European War and the subsequent World War II. It's known that he was a member of US Department of State in the Greek city of Athens from 1945 to 1946. Carl went back to direct the excavation at Hisarlik from 1952 to 1958. Carl retired in 1957 and died on August 24, 1971 in Athens, Greece, still insisting that he found Troy but having found no proof that this mound was Troy. As for Michael, he was only obsessed with deciphering the Linear B language and not read what the Linear B clay tablets had recorded. On August 22, 1956, he was driving north of the English city of London at 1 AM when he collided head-on with a truck that was parked in a lay-by (Asphalt paved parking area next to the road where cars can temporarily stop for a while.) and died.

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How things change

On January 27, 2009 (How things change)

2006: It was this date that 21 years old Northern Ireland medical student Conor McShane choked on a sausage and his brain dropped dead, or so doctors told his mother Roselyn, because their electro-encephalographs told them that his brain activity has disappeared and hence flat-lined. "never give-up", is mybookshop's calling card, because quacks are always quacking in their expensive zoos, furnished and decorated with your tax money, especially since suicide doctors keep trying to get depressed patients to kill themselves, when in fact an anti-depressant is what the victims really need. As his mother tells it, when he was five years old, a doctor treated his asthma and gave him a tiny yellow stethoscope which made him want to become a doctor. Shortly before this date, he was a 21 years old fourth year medical student who was about to graduate Queen's University with a medical degree to change the world, and had obtained a post at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida state, US. He was walking home to his flat in West Belfast where he lived with his sister Lisa when he decided to eat a supper of sausage from a van seller, but his first mouthful lodged itself in his throat because he didn't chew his food before swallowing it. He likely began clawing his fingers at his throat, which indicates that his windpipe is clogged, but no one bothered to do the Heimlich maneuver, which consists of going behind him and then clasping two hands together below the ribs and pushing upward and toward yourself. Even if Conor had exhaled before he likely disobeyed his own mother's advice to chew food thoroughly before swallowing, there's enough residual air inside his lungs to pop the sausage-out. But no one did it, including the sausage seller. (Tsk, tsk, what a shame in Ireland. In US, that's an understandable behavior, because victims whose lives were saved by Heimlich maneuver or heart massage who suffered a broken rib have sued the people who saved them, forcing bystanders to turn apathetic and wait for an ambulance to come, knowing very well that this delay will kill the victim. It's a fault of US politicians for not making an obvious federal law which states that good samaritans who tried to save a victim who was about to die cannot be sued by the victim, the victim's next of kin, or the state. As a result, even if only one victim in a 100 sues in such a situation, the other 99 victims who could have been saved are killed as sacrificial goats to the pedestals of these killer politicians. Or, maybe US politicians are doing it on purpose to get rid of mouths that need to be fed?) Eventually, someone called an ambulance and its staff managed to remove the sausage, although his brain was deprived of oxygen past the supposed point-of-no-return. He was taken to the Mater Hospital in Belfast and hooked-up to an electro-encephalograph which registered no brain activity. (EEG as it's called only probes the outer-most surface layer of the brain, not the many layers beneath, which is why Japan doesn't allow internal organ transplants: The Japanese like to eat pufferfish, but its neuro-toxin, tetrodotoxin, puts people into a death-state, where the heart beats once a minute or less and EEG shows flat-line, although a CAT scan taken over a long period of time will show the tiny residual brain activity. To all intent and purpose, the victim is dead, but the human brain's consciousness resides in a small bundle of tissue beneath the surface in the frontal lobe, if you recall it, with the shrinkage of this bundle causing depression and excessive growth causing magnanimous behavior that quickly becomes absurd and destructive. Medically, this bundle of nerves must be checked for neural activity, but legally, who cares about the human brain consciousness! Legally, you're supposed to stick electrodes around the brain and look for electrical activities around the entire surface of the brain. If it's flat-lined, that's the legal definition of brain-death and you can cut-up a screaming patient into pieces as long as the patient-victim can't vocalize the scream. Since the Japanese experienced this situation for centuries from tetrodotoxin victims who revived and recounted their horrendous predicament in which they were aware of everything that was happening to them, the Japanese law does not allow doctors to kill patients for profit by harvesting their internal organs. Now western doctors know about this limitation of their equipments because they studied it and learned about how it works, but as long as they're legally protected, they're ok with killing the victims so that they can go back to their golf, and, because Britain's socialist free-medical insurance is always running into red-ink and they have to sacrifice such patient-victims who demand a lot of expensive care.) Although Conor was connected to a life-support machine which kept him breathing, his mother Roselyn was told that he was a brain-dead vegetable, so they can ask for her legal authorization to pull the plug and kill him. At first she was crying, but she then remembered how two days prior to this event, Coner enthusiastically showing her a medical textbook about the amazing human brain that goes to sleep when the body is stressed, and how it regenerates from very severe damage by rewiring itself. Remembering it as a sign that Conor knew that this was going to happen, she entered the Intensive Care Unit where Conor was, and yelled at him to grab her hand if he could hear her, and he suddenly reached out and grabbed her hand. She then yelled at him to do it again to show the nurse who was present that he knew what he was doing, and he grabbed the nurse's hand with his other hand. Roselyn said that the doctors were amazed by this (Oh sure, more like amazed that Roselyn found out the difference between medical death versus legal death, and they had to cover their butts and hide the fact from Roselyn, now that they found out that she knew that he was really brain-alive.) and they began administering adrenalin and other chemicals to try to reactivate his brain, although visible progress came slowly and in spurts. He was then moved to Antrim Area Hospital, Mater Hospital, Royal Victoria Hospital, and then Musgrave Park Hospital which has a unit for treating injured brains. Even then, doctors continued to insist that he was still semi-vegetative and can't feel pain, but he indicated that he can feel it. (mybookshop already stated that quacks throughout the centuries have insisted that vocalization equals intelligence, and mute equals brain-dead, which is why they all want to kill Helen Keller and Stephen Hawkins. The real moron is a person who scores perfect in physical activities who can't do anything else, which is why no earthworm ever died from being so stupid and mute... which isn't a mybookshop original, but something that's mentioned in any Japanese comic books for many decades.) 546 days later in the end of July 2008, Conor went home to his mother in Belfast, still mostly trapped in his body whose muscles refuse to obey his cerebrum, because his cerebellum between his cerebrum and his body controls his muscles. Roselyn, snicker, snicker, is thanking the doctors who tried to kill her son, although even if she realized what had happened, she doesn't have a choice, since they can still pull the plug and refuse to treat him.

2009: The Internet search engine, Google, is going to announce 100 top ideas for changing the world on this chat date. Google, meaning "lookie", a childish way of saying "look" to a German toddler which happens to sound like "googol", which is 10 to the power of 100, is the name of the most famous search engine on the web. Search engine is something out of the "Six Million Dollar Man" in which the cyborg Steve Austin tells his boss Oscar Goldman some key words and Oscar manages to find out everything there is to know about a subject or object from those few words because there's some super computer with all the knowledge of the world in that make-believe world. Now, that exists, and is accessible to anyone and everyone with a computer and an Internet account. In the infancy of the Internet, there were several search engines of which the early leader was yahoo which used humans to classify and catalog all the web sites onto their hard disks. Google took a different approach; as soon as memory chips became low enough, they stored all the rarely used words which constitute key words into a mountain of memory chips, while the web site informations are cached in a mountain of hard disk drives. Not only can they search the key words faster, but they can also use search by similar sounding words. That method itself is quite old, but unless the rare words are stored in memory chips, it takes too long to impliment while serving millions of simultaneous inquiries. By looking at the way they present the words, you can tell that they're not prioritizing by whether the key words appear in the header or in the front half of each file. There's also a thesaurus search that matches ambiguous words, such as "light" [Bright light; light versus heavy; the heat of a lighter; physically heavier beer that contains less alcohol which is light-weight and more water which is heavy-weight] and other classic search methods that Google hasn't tried. Still, as the first to use memory chip and hard disk based hybrid storage system over pure hard disk storage system, it was able to use classic searching methods that were used in universities but not in commercial applications where speed is of the essence. Skipping all that, Google made a huge killing on the stock market by showing advertisements that are relevant to the search words for its search engine and its e-mail system, gmail.com. And now this Google is celebrating its 10th anniversary by asking for people to make world changing ideas that it's willing to back with 10 million dollars. The person who contributed the idea by October 10, 2008 isn't getting a penny, but Google is going to take your idea and steal it, backed with the money which amounts to one billion pennies or 10 to the power of nine. Not quite 10 to the power of 10, let alone googol. The money is also used among the five best ideas. They'll likely get a lot of stupid ideas, such as spewing sulfer dioxide into the upper atmosphere to cause an aerosol spray that blocks sunlight and cool the globe. It'll work by using mybookshop's proposal to use a smoke gun. You know; fill a box with smoke and then thump it, and a ring of smoke shoots out, like the cigarette smoker's ring. It works because it's a standing wave that's actually dynamically using the thumping energy to keep itself from dispersing. A commercial size machine can thump a standing wave of pollutants into the upper atmosphere where it can linger for a few years and rapidly cool the Earth. The stupid part is that the carbonic acidification of the oceans will continue unabated and in fact will accelerate, because carbon dioxide, methane, and everything else dissolve more efficiently in the cool environment, while single cell algae that can absorb this carbon dioxide that's sequestered and taken out of the environment are hindered by the cold because it's a photo-biosphere whose light penetrating capability decreases to make it a thinner photo-biosphere. Problem with sulfer dioxide is that it will eventually fall into the oceans as well, augmenting the acidification even more. Remember mybookshop stating that the original life form on Earth wasn't based on oxygen or lack of oxygen, but sulfer? All the sulfide, sulfite, sulfate, and other minerals found everywhere on Earth are the fossil remains of that original sulfer based life forms that were phased out as phyto-bacteria that made the highly toxic oxygen as "waste" began to kill the sulfer life forms, but the sulfer life forms aren't dead; they were simply marginalized. As soon as you start acidifying the oceans with carbon and sulfer compounds, it enlarged the sulfer life forms' environment, allow more of them to make hydrogen sulfide and other sulfer based "waste" that kill the oxygen based life forms. Another idea that Google likely got was to grow trees, carbonize it to make methanol and other volatiles in wood tar while plowing the carbon back into the ground. It's a crude variation of something that they stole from mybookshop, and it won't work, because all the land trees are required for human food and animal conservation uses. You also can't have a partitioned section of the ocean where seaweed is grown and carbonized, because it destroys all the photo-bacteria in that part of the ocean and all the consequences that produce, which is why mybookshop used a different variation that will work. Huge solar batteries in orbit that micro-wave energy to Earth? That's a stupid idea because it fries the ionosphere which is required for telecommunication and destroys all lightnings; lightning exists because of the potential difference between the ground and the atmosphere, right? An intense micro-wave creates an electric conductor from orbit into the ground where lightnings and hence all clouds are drawn and discharged, destroying global weather patterns and all the massive number of life forms that live inside the clouds. Aside from turning most of Earth into a desert, all the electric plasma in the exosphere and below are discharged and lost to the ground, resulting in the loss of the ozone layer which protects against the ultra-violet. That's on top of the hundreds of trillions of dollars to make this massive platform that will continuously break-down and need to be repaired 24/7. No, the Japanese proposal with a simple reflector is cheaper, and far less damaging, as long as you modify it with mybookshop's help; rather than a huge high-efficiency reflector far from Earth, what you need is a transluscent mylar plastic reflector that shades Earth from time to time. Since global warming is causing more hurricanes and typhoons to diverting toward land, move this massive reflector over the storm front, and the lack of warm water will attenuate and then destroy only those affecting populated sites without having a permanent impact on any one marine environment. Antarctica, Greenland, and other strategic locations can have a geosynchronous orbiting translucent shade that allows some light to pass-through, while encouraging the regrowth of ice and snow. The light that's reflected are concentrated by a network of mirrors that direct them to Earth stations that use the heat and light to generate electricity. Aside from seeing the bright beams of light, airplanes and helicopters alike can have global positioning systems that prevents the pilots from steering into the path of the beams of light that will shine at an angle far too often. This bright beam of light can even be used to pipe light deep in the water to help photo-bacteria grow in deeper waters among other versatile applications. Who cares about clouds blocking it, since it's bright enough to burn a hole through a thunder storm. But then it still costs a few trillion dollars to impliment, although it quickly pays for itself in reliable energy production. But don't think of spewing titanium dioxide or aluminum powder into orbit to cool Earth, because that doesn't eliminate the acidification of the oceans which kills the oxygen life forms. Absorbing all the carbon dioxide in wide-spread minerals? You think it's free for the taking? If they can absorb it, they would have done that a long time ago. You have to spend hundreds of trillions of dollars to make it work, and then it's only a temporary stay of execution until you run out of the mineral. Pump the carbon dioxide in caves? All that carbonic acid that forms will dissolve the caves and it still leaches-out, while collapsing an entire prairie or mountain range in the process. Everything from regular solar to wind are not reliable enough for commercial ventures, while geothermal and tidal are too far from where the power is needed, so that they only serve as regional power producers. Bio-fuel can't produce enough NET-energy output to power current energy hungry civilizations without destroying the ecological environments for all the fauna and flora. One great thing about the global warming is that the American plains and Bangladesh, not to mention most of Europe, Japan, and the rest will revert back to the swampy environment that they used to be, which means that they can be used to grow cat-tail, which as you recall can feed over one magnitude more people than potato -- which means you need over one magnitude less agricultural land to support the current population growth -- while also producing not only high protein content mixed in starch but with many medicinal compounds which modern farmers haven't selectively "weeded-out", as well as good cellulose for making various construction materials from the leaves, and lots of fibers mixed in the roots for those who insist on eating lots of fibers. Since Google is asking for something that can be started small which can be incrementally improved, one option is the organic plastic solar cells that can be made to look like artificial tree, umbrella, or anything else made of plastic that generates electricity. But, oh, that exists already. Like the southern tree that produces diesel fuel and northern castor plant equivalent, they were all made and commercialized a long time ago. The mylar plastic based sea rescue blanket? That's not going to change the world; just saving lives. If the past is any indication of the future, maybe someone will copy something else made in Japan and claim credits for inventing it? There's a guy who claims to have invented a hopping robot, just like the Japanese hopping robot that already explored a real asteroid in space.

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How things change

So, because of the writers' strike, people stopped watching television and began seeing DVD movies and video games. I can see why Sony was pondering the thought of selling their movie making productions. Sony has a credit card business, right? In Japan, they even sell insurance and everything on top of electronics and the softwares that go on those hardwares. Yet they were surpassed by poor l'le Nintendo which only sells game consoles and game softwares. For a company that sells just about anything that's not eatten to get beaten by a game maker is humiliating. How things change. It was also not that decades ago that Matsushita was afraid of Sony's dominant position. Now Sony is sharing patents with the Koreans and making so-so televisions, while Matsushita under its new world-wide name of Panasonic, is getting huge ovations for the 150 inches diagonal plasma televisions. I think they could fit only three of those on an airplane ride to show them-off in US, but it was worth every cheer and gaspings that they got. Even though the advantage of a plasma television was in the process of being eclipsed by huge liquid crystal display (LCD) televisions, an LCD is nothing but one huge silicon chip. It's amorphous polysilicon and glass chips, but still very hard to make big. With the plasma television, the limitation isn't technical but market-driven. Panasonic determined that there was enough interest in their 103 incher when 3,000 were sold, and came-up with the 150 incher that followed NHK's ultra-high definition standard. If it sells enough, they might even make a 200 incher that only fits in ships. Because only one of their 103 incher was ever purchased by one rich US guy, chances are big that no individual could afford the 150 incher, let alone the 200 incher. But the fact of the matter is that such a huge television even exists long before the era of The Jetsons. Any future television that us common people can afford won't be made of these fragile things, but something that can be rolled-up into a scroll and then unfurled like the new electronic ink based displays. Still, we're slowly being introduced to the Jetson gadgets which are going from science-fiction and animation into domestic appliances. Provided, that you're alive and able to enjoy it by the time it's sold at your neighborhood electronic stores.

I can't say. Maybe US is heading for a recession, or maybe not. My own guess, which is all it is, is that if there is a recession, it'll be cushioned this year because so many people are forced to purchase the expensive digital-broadcast compatible liquid crystal display and plasma televisions. The demand for digital to analog converters would be big in homes with limited financial resources, those who don't want to learn how to use new buttons, and everything else. In the rest of homes, they'd figure that if they have to upgrade, they might as well purchase the biggest television that they feel comfortable within their budgets. Those people who were feeling cautionary regarding the longevity of the new televisions are all going to have to throw their cautions to the winds and get one by next February. I think the Samsung television might be good, not that I ever bought a Korean television. But considering the problems with Kyocera, Sanyo, Sony, and other Japanese cellular telephones' short-lived batteries, the Samsung cellular telephone is doing great so far, and my Samsung computer monitor is also doing better than another Korean monitor that I had to dump after a few years. How things change, right? If this was a few years ago, I would have spit fire on anyone who bought a Korean anything. But now, they're not doing bad, although part of the reason is because my own expectations weren't high, and anything that met that nominal expectation was fantastic. If my expectations were high and they didn't surpass that high expectations, I'm disappointed. I'm going to have to purchase at least two and maybe three digital-broadcast compatible televisions in the coming years, and I have to start making decisions now. Who knows? In a few years, I might not spit fire at anyone who wants to purchase a mainland Chinese television. But only because like the Korean brands, I expect some of them to employ Japanese components for some of the mission-critical parts. How things change, but the more they change, the more the underlying quality has to be the same. As for that much feared recession, the real fear is early summer 2009 when people already stop purchasing new televisions, new DVD recorders, and digital cameras that are attached to them, and they all start hankering-down to hold-off on purchasing anything for a few years.

On January 27, 2008 (It was this date in 1996 that Germany first observed the International Holocaust Remembrance Day as the day when their National Socialism killed so many Jews, although in reality, Germany killed far more Gypsies and Russians, and the number of all the Jews, Gypsies, and Russians who were killed by Germany paled in comparison to the number of American continental natives who were continuously slaughtered for centuries. If the fact that the slaughtering continuing for centuries sound too numbing to comprehend, Mao also killed 40 million to 100 million Chinese, and brought almost half-a-billion Chinese on the very blink of starving to death. No one cares about those other slaughters and genocides. Not that the Jews care either, despite their call for "no more holocausts", which is actually an abbreviation for "No more holocausts of Jews, but who cares about the holocausts of everyone else, and let's annihilate the Palestinians to the very last drop of their DNA." They're trying to close ranks but a few Jews are opening criticizing their own collectively selfish and self-centered attitude that the black Africans are claiming to be racism, because Jews are now depicted as white, even though they used to be black Africans. Besides that point, Britain, Italy, Denmark, and other countries commemorate this date because the United Nations also called it the International Holocaust Rememberance Day, because the United Nations don't care a damn about anyone who's not depicted as white either.

So why all the hubbab about Jews all of a sudden? That thing above seemed fitting to go with Puerto Rican journalist Hector Feliciano's book written after eight years of spare-time research; "The Lost Museum: The Nazi Conspiracy to Steal the World's Greatest Works of Art". Hector lived in Paris, France since 1974. In 1988, he was writing about just one such stolen Murillo painting that the Louvre museum had on-display, when someone commented that 20% of the stolen art works are still not found, which led him to compare the meticulously recorded German inventories of about 20,000 art works stolen from Jews -- and other victims -- that he verified with Jewish survivors of the holocaust, and then compared them to works kept in Parisian museums. The museums and art dealers were blocking every move that he made, because they knew that they were dealing with stolen art works, although help from the victims' families allowed him to pry-open the information a trickle at a time. Not to mention his own "Deep Throat" in the French Ministry of Culture that gave him all the secret documents passed from the Ministry of Culture to the Ministry of Justice. After many such investigative reports, his book was published this date in 1997 in US that revealed that close to 2,000 of those works are in Parisian museums. But isn't that to be expected? After all, France wasn't a victim of Nazi Germany as the French keep depicting themselves, but a very willing collaborator and participator in the killing and looting. Many Jewish victims who were interviewed really didn't care that their art works were stolen from them or bought from them with fake US currencies, because they were glad that they survived. Adolph Hitler himself loved art, which is why so many art works were stolen, although Adolph himself saw a spiritual nature in art which conflicted with the idea of stealing them. So there you have it; all the Courbets, Manets, Picassos, and everything else. It's not as if these museums are going to go broke if they handed them back to their rightful owners, but they're going to keep the looted art works as long as it's not illegal to do so. That sounds so much like the stereotypical depiction of the misery "Jew" who does anything for money, as long as it's not outright forbidden by law. So, who's the real "Jew" around here?

But that story wasn't coming. Ok, eh, then what came?)

1593: This was the beginning of the seven years long trial that the Vatican began against scientist-priest Giordano Bruno. He was born as Filippo Bruno to his soldier father Giovanni Bruno, circa year 1550 in the town of Nola in the province of Naples in the region of Campania (The other current provinces in this region is Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, and Salerno.) in southern Italy, although in his era, Naples was a country. Since Nola is on a plain between the volcanic Mount Vesuvius and the Apennine Mountains, there's evidence that it was buried around 3,600 years ago by a previous eruption of the volcano. At age 11, he went to the city of Naples within the country of Naples to study the equivalent of what is now the three R's. (That's reading, writing, and 'rithmatic. Back then, the equivalent was called the trivium; it was grammar, logic, and rhetoric. Grammar as understood back then wasn't the correct use of nouns, adverbs and such, but accurate reporting, flattery, persuasiveness, and criticality. Logic is the seemingly correct sequence of reasoning to justify things by inductive or deductive reasoning. Rhetoric is the art of persuasion by oration, written words, body language, visual presentation, and other propaganda works to make people do things that they normally won't do under a rational mind. Like to hear a current equivalent of logic to screw people? It's the story of the soldiers who wanted to go home by cutting diagonally '\' through town, rather than going around it in an 'L' shape. The sergeant draws a series of cascading 'L's, each of which has the same distance as the single 'L' shaped path to prove that because zig-zagging is the same distance, they should go around the town and not disturb its folks. It sounds logical, but the '\' path only becomes equivalent in distance to a series of cascading 'L' paths at infinity, taking an infinite time for an infinite number of 'L' paths. Or Georgie W. Bushie's ability to say that because Saudi Arabians killed thousands of people in the World Trade Center, let's kill the innocent Afghans and Iraqis in revenge, but ignore the Chinese who are celebrating the deads. Or when Crest or Colgate mentions that four out of five dentists recommended their toothpaste, it only meant that the dentists were asked to name some brands of toothpaste, and four out of five dentists mentioned their brand among the list -- and because so many dentists said that baking soda does a better cleaning than the brandname toothpaste, they added baking soda to their toothpastes, ignoring the fact that the mechanical polishing of the teeth with the baking soda crystals is the important factor, not the chemical property of baking soda incorporated into the paste -- one Japanese toothpaste maker did advertise salt crystals in their paste to polish teeth along with salt-resistant soap, so not every toothpaste maker uses the propaganda lies and word-play diversions, although the Japanese don't have a long history of lying through their teeth like the Chinese.) At age 15, Filippo entered the Dominican Order of San Domenico di Maggiore in 1565 to become a priest, because people didn't differentiate between priest and scientists. His tutor of metaphysics was Giordano Crispo, from whom he took his new name of Giordano. He was eventually ordained a priest in 1572, although his real interest was science, which was called philosophy in his era. Among the works that he studied were Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentricism and Nikolaus Krebs (1401 - 1464)' mathematics on infinitesimal. Also in his era, students had no notebooks with pencils, because writing instruments and paper were expensive commodities that were not used for something as ephemeral as schooling, where teachers used mnemonics to teach their subjects. So his first book was a book on mnemonics that collected the associative memorization methods that were used. He also believed in magic, occult, and mysticism of the sort advocated by Marsile Ficin and Corneille Agrippa, because as far as the people of the era was concerned, magic existed, and isn't parlor tricks to amuse children. Which, so far was a harmless dribbling as far as the Christian Church saw. The problem arose when he rejected Christian Trinity, which stated that the Christian God is the Holy Ghost, and the Father of all humans, and Jesus of Nazareth, all-in-one God who is an immortal living being who may appear in front of you or who can express his emotions with lightnings and tidal waves. Filippo had a belief in the ancient hylozoism, which stated that God is here and there, in the mountains, in the oceans, the winds, the heaven, everywhere, because nature and the entire universe is God and we are inside God. Hence studying the workings of natural laws is the same as studying how God's head operates. (The explanations for both sides of the view is, naturally, very long and the meanings have been changing constantly throughout history. A good example of hylozoism that has been discussed is the Japanese Shinto religion that says that there is god of the mountain, in the sea, in the wind, and everywhere in infinite number called "yao-yorozu" -- spelt with the Chinese characters for "eight million", although "eight million" is pronounced "hat-pyaku-man", so that "yao-yoro-zu" can be interpreted as "zillion" which isn't a unit of number but is used to mean countless, infinite.) It doesn't seem like a big problem now, but back then, the Christians regarded this deviation as an unforgiveable blasphemy, like a Muslem woman who gets in a car with a man who is not her family member, or a Muslem woman who refuses to cover her entire face with a veil. His anti-Trinitarian arguments were already stirring debate as early as 1566, but he was still allowed to present his thesis on St. Thomas Aquinas and Peter Lombard in 1572 which allowed him to be ordained a deacon and become a priest in 1573. But his constant questioning and criticism of anything that he thought didn't make logical sense earned the ire of friar Montalcino Domenico Vita who saw a man trying to destroy the Christian Church in Filippo. Filippo fled Naples in 1576, quit the Domincan Order, and moved from one town to another for two years before he finally went to the city of Geneva, where he converted to Calvinism and attended lectures by the city's university's philosophy professor Antoine de la Faye. (The city of Geneva was an independent country from the 16th century until it became a Swiss province on December 31, 1813.) Filippo saw that Antoine was stupid and only regurgitating what was taught him and unable to make logical sense of philosophy. Filippo published a small pamphlet stating why he thought that Antoine was stupid and unfit to teach philosophy. Filippo was arrested and excommunicated on August 6, 1579, on the grounds that he slandered Antoine's reputation. For a king, excommunication meant that his Christian underlings can take away everything he owned. For financially poor Filippo, excommuncation meant that when he died, his most precious soul can't go to heaven, which was regarded as worse than being slowly tortured to death. Since Filippo believed it, he quickly apologized, and his excommunication was revoked. That autumn, he left for France, first going to the city of Lyons, but with no job, he went to the city of Toulouse which was a purely Catholic city. After he obtained a post to lecture on philosophy, he decided that he was wrong in his belief and wanted to go back to Catholicism, but the Jesuit priest whom he approached to obtain absolution won't let him. In the summer of 1581, he moved to Paris where he lectured on theology, where his ability to remember so many things so accurately made him famous. That was to be expected, since he had published a book on mnemonics, but people want simple explanations over complex learning process, so they just assumed that he can remember with magic. Hearing of this magic power, the French King Henry III who wanted the Catholics and Protestants to live together was attracted to him, which also gave him the time to publish books on mnemonics and satirical works. With letters of recommendations from Henry III, in April 1583, he moved to England in the hope of securing a good teaching post, although all he got was mockery for believing in heliocentrism in an era when the English thought that the Sun and the entire universe went around Earth. Filippo's sarcasm also didn't earn him any friend. He went back to France in October 1585, before leaving for Germany in 1586 to lecture at Wittenberg for two years when he became unwelcome and left for Prague in 1588. In 1591, he was in the city of Frankfurt, where Giovanni Mocenigo asked Filippo to teach him about this magic of mnemonics back in Padua, Italy. At first he tried to get a mathematic post that he didn't get -- Galileo Galilei will get it in 1592 -- before moving to Venice in March 1592 to teach Giovanni about mnemonics for two months before telling Giovanni that he planned to leave the city. Giovanni was disappointed that this mnemonic wasn't the magical learning that he expected, and denounced Filippo to the Venetian Inquisition which arrestsed him on May 22, 1592 on charge of blasphemy and heresy. He was sent to Rome in February 1593. He was charged with not having a blind faith in everything the Catholic Church stated; and opposing Trinity; and claiming that the Sun is just one star among the infinite number of stars in the heaven and that each star has planets with life, known as plurality of worlds; practicing magic; claiming that Mary wasn't a virgin; Jesus was just a magician and not God; etc. Filippo was willing to recant some of them, but he stood firm on plurality of worlds which was not acceptable to Pope Clement VIII. Eventually, he was declared a heretic and given to the secular authority on February 8, 1600 that declared him guilty. On February 17, 1600, he was stripped naked, tied to a pole, and then burned at the stake at the Roman market of Campo de Fiori. Now, we don't believe that there are only 1,022 stars making 48 constellations, nor do we believe that the universe is infinite as Filippo believed, although the number of stars is believed to be so large that we can't really say for certain how many there are. While Copernicus thought that Earth went around the Sun, this was assumed to be a perfect circle, not the ellipsoid orbits. Until a few decades ago, many astronomers refused to believe that planets existed around other stars, let alone that there may be life on other planets, let alone that life may be a very common occurrence wherever there are planets. How we view the universe is still changing, although many people still refuse to believe that this Earth is turning into the Ocean in a few more years.

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How things change

This one is perfect. Yoichiro Kawaguchi is a computer graphic artist who made a one meter by 0.6 meter white computer screen that can be tugged in and out into different directions using 72 air-cylinders behind it. Can you imagine a screen that stretch itself into the shape of, say, Princess Diana's facial relief in 3-D, and then projects her face on the screen? Or a security conscious Pope can have a 3-D projection of himself who can wave and stretch his hand-out in a parade, while the real Pope can stay inside a building. Or a blind person who has never seen an elephant can have the 3-D relief of an elephant created on the screen and feel the shape of an elephant, or a single cell, the solar system, or what a molecule looks like. It's called a "Gemotion" and is on display at the National Art Center in Roppongi district of Tokyo. The exhibition is called "Nihon no Hyogen-ryoku" ("Japan's expressive-power").

Things sure change. It wasn't that long ago that Intel announced that they're not going to make their micro-chip any faster, even while others still develop transistors that are striving to be three orders of magnitude faster in speed. Hewlett-Packard's new of nano-scale crossbar switch structure field programmable gate arrays (That they're calling as Field Programmable Nanowire Interconnect.) that promises to be eight times denser yet use less energy while using current foundries is also promising denser chips without using X-ray. (This is what it means: When you have so many millions of transistors, most of the chip surface is actually occupied by the electrical signal lines that connect the transistors, not the transistors themselves. Although current micro-chips have many layers of lines, it's still not enough. A field programmable gate array is a set of these lines whose lines that can be rewired electronically on-the-fly, so that what used to be a television signal processor can become a timer, a calculator, an artificial neuron, or anything else that's needed. By making the lines smaller, more of the chip surface can be dedicated to the transistors and less real estate to the lines.)

"sal" was Latin for salt, which is why the word "salary" comes from a person who is paid his wage in salt. A "soldier" is a military person who was paid in salt. Even "salad" meant putting salt, which is what people did to a vegetable mix. It's how words change, although 's' followed by 'l' was kept to mean salt.

On January 27, 2007 (It was this date in 1945, near the Polish town of Oshwiecim, that the Communist Russian army entered the Auschwitz concentration camp, where they found approximately 8,000 inmates who were too sick to be moved. Although they documented the human remains and carnage, they didn't make a long and continuous visual record as easy-to-view proof that there were millions of people here. Originally founded in June 1940, it held Polish and German prisoners before it held Gypsies, Russians, and naturally, people from various countries who were Jews, that -- not "who" -- were all regarded as genetically inferior creatures that were diluting and hindering the human genes from evolving into superior humans. Although US army did follow Alfred Hitchcock's advice to make a continuous non-breaking film to visually document it, there were still many denials that so many people could have been detained and then exterminated. Even though Jews -- some say vengefully -- did document the names of every Jew who was killed, and the Germans kept a meticulous list of everyone who was killed, it still wasn't enough to convince some people. Furthermore, the Jews didn't slaughter each other, nor were the Russians and the Gypsies killing each other, because if they did, then it makes it impossible to say who was actually killed by whom, since it raises fear that the old documents may have been tampered to make a scapegoat out of the Germans. But there's also another reason why the details were hidden; by the International Committee of the Red Cross, and specifically the International Tracing Service of the Red Cross in the town of Bad Arolsen [It used to be called Arolsen until 1997] in the district of Waldeck-Frankenberg in Germany. Until now, the identities of the dead victims were hidden to safeguard their privacy, and it was only recently that the countries which govern the archive have began to allow the information to be viewed. So far, only five to six years ago, it was thought that there were at most 6,000 to 7,000 detention centers, but it turns out that the number is over 20,000 and climbing. While the "forgot to get that one" hostility against the Jews still linger in every German country-restaurants and coffee shops, Germany's federal railway, the Deutsche Bahn, is placing the Holocaust displays in train stations starting on this chat date in 2008. They're doing so to show their role in the Holocaust in deporting 11,000 Jewish children to the detention centers, and from there to the concentration camps. How things changed for the Jews, who were exterminated as too stupid and ugly to exist, to a great miscarriage of justice and an atonement for having killed so many people who might have been Albert Einsteins -- who didn't win any handsome contest -- and Hollywood stars -- who tend to be homosexuals and bisexuals. No such about-face tribute was paid for the Gypsies and Russians who were killed in even greater number, since they haven't proven that they were worthy-enough. With the Gypsies ... mybookshop can't show that they created any wonder-drug, spectacular book, nor even new transistors, but at least the Russians did wonders with their cheap stealth technology and relatively reliable rockets versus the money-down-the-drain approach of US stealth airplanes that cost as much as an aircraft carrier, and the 1900 this chat date birth of Hyman Rickover who directed the development of the nuclear powered Nautilus submarine, instead of remaining on the cutting edge technology to make fuel-cell powered submarines that breathed water-dissolved oxygen when available and liquid oxygen when not, although there's no Russian-made "killer-product" that every civilian just has to get. It can be anything, 1-2-3 spread sheet, Furby, Wii, blue light emitting diode that's used to make the white diodes and the new DVD players, or anime. It's something to think about for all the Africans and Eastern Europeans who are flooding into Western Europe, where they're viewed as undesireable parasites. [And lest you think mybookshop believe that they're parasies, Djimon Gaston Hounsou was born on April 24, 1964 in Cotonou, in the African country of Benin, which is best know as the source for the Voodoo religion, who went to Paris, France, at age 13, where he ate waste food from the trash bins and slept where he could, until Thierry Mugler made him a fashion model. He first appeared in the movie "Without You, I'm Nothing" {1990}, "Unlawful entry" {1992}, Kurt Russell starring boring movie "Stargate" {1994} as Horus, "The Small Hours" {1997}, and then in Steven Spielberg's "Amistad" {1997} as Cinque. After appearing in other movies and television shows, he's currently in Leonardo DiCaprio starring "Blood Diamond" {2006} as Solomon Vandy, and "Eragon" {2006} as Ajihad.]

Happy birthday to 1948: Mikhail Baryshnikov the ballet dancer. He was born as Mikhail Nikolaevitch Baryshnikov to Russian parents; military engineer Nikolay Baryshnikov who taught at a military school, and seamstress mother Aleksandra Kisselov, in Riga, Latvia. Although he has only fond memories when he was young and liked ballet, he thought it was too difficult to learn and didn't, until his mother who liked ballet enrolled him at the School of the Theater Opera Ballet in 1957 when he was nine years old. He doesn't know why, but then she committed suicide in 1960. (Unfaithful husband? Cancer? Financial disaster?) Left with an emotionally unsupportive cold father, he buried himself into ballet that led him to perfect it. In 1964, he first went to Leningrad in Russia as a member of the Latvian ballet troupe, where the ballet teacher Aleksandr I. Pushkin of the Kirov Ballet School immediately recognized Mikhail's dancing skill to be like Rudolf Nureyev, (Rudolf was an obsessive dancer since kindergarten who was small in statue and rebellious but just as charming, whom Aleksandr also trained, and who also began having sex with Aleksandr's wife that Aleksandr pretended not to see. Once Rudolf became a famous dancer, Rudolf was trailed by visible KBG who feared that he was going to defect to the west, and he did, on June 16, 1961 at the Le Bourget Airport in Paris, France. Besides dancing, he also had sex with his idolized dancers Maria Tallchief and Erik Bruhn. By 1983, he was the head of the Paris Opera Ballet, but his sexual excesses soon appeared in the form of HIV that progressed to full-blown AIDS which prevented him from dancing, and from which he died in 1993. He never gained any fame in US, and his autobiography was ghostwritten by someone who never verified if anything was correct, ending in a book that had more wrongs than rights.) and accepted him into their home to train as the next great ballet dancer, although this was still only three years after Rudolf had defected, and the suppression of dancing tours in the west was also matched by the repression of dancing techniques within Russia, not that Mikhail's skill was yet beyond the imposed limits at that time. Mikhail's debut was in the French dance, "Giselle". (Mikhail isn't the main dancer, since it centeres around the innocent girl, Giselle, who falls in love with Loys the peasant who turned out to be nobleman Albrecht who is already spoken-for to the duke's daughter, Bathilde. Upon learning that her love can't be answered, she goes mad, dies, and becomes a ghost who saves Albrecht from Myrtha the Queen of the Wilis who are vampiric ghosts who force Albrecht to keep dancing till he dies, but Giselle's ghost help him continue to dance till dawn when they go back to their coffins. Giselle forgive Albrecht and she also goes back to her coffin.) Two years later, Mikhail had his first leading role in "Gorianka" which was written just for Mikhail. Once he began gathering awards for his performances, he partnered with Irina Kolpakova, who was regarded as the greatest female ballerina who was alive at that time. But he felt stifled by the restrictions imposed on him and the decline of the Kirov Ballet Company. In 1970, while touring London, England, he asked his US friend Christina Berlin to orchestrate a defection for him which took place in 1974 while Mihail was touring Canada, when he requested political asylum in the Canadian city of Toronto in the province of Ontario. He first danced with the National Ballet of Canada where he appeared in several dances, including "La Sylphide". (A sylph is a winged fairy who appeared before James who was to marry Effie that day. When James saw a shadow, he approaches it to see if it was the fairy, but it was the witch Old Madge. Madge foretells the future and says James love someone other than Effie, which angers James who kick-out Madge. Then the fairy appears outside and says she loves James, who at first resist but couldn't help from kissing the fairy. James' friend Gurn saw it immediately tells Effie what he saw, although no one believed Gurn because Gurn also loved Effie. When the wedding came, James discovers that effie's ring was stolen by the fairy and he chases after the fairy into the forest. Gurn and others enter the forest to find James. Gurn finds James' hat, but Madge convince him to remain silent, which leaves Effie broken-hearted and accepts Gurn's marriage proposal. Madge then gives James a scarf which she promised will prevent the fairy from flying away and they can be together, but when he placed the scarf on her shoulders, her wings fall and she dies. James die broken-hearted and Madge laughs. Good thing it was explained before it was shown on television, or it couldn't be understood. Mikhail then danced with the American Ballet Theatre from 1974 to 1978 and the New York City Ballet from 1978 to 1979. He also appeared in the television movie "Giselle" (1977) where he played Albrecht to Ntalya Makarova as Giselle. In "The Turning Point" (1977) that starred Shirley MacLaine as Deedee Rodgers and Anne Bancroft as Emma Jacklin, he appeared as Yuri Kpeikine. In the televised "The Nutcracker" (1977) which is always shown during the Christmas season, he was the nutcracker to Gelsey Kirkland as Clara. Besides other television show performances he also did movies such as "White Nights" (1985) as Kolya Rodchenko to Gregory Hines as Raymond Greenwood, where Kolya was a Russian dancer who defects to the west, only to be kidnapped back to Russia. In "The Cabinet of Dr. Ramirez" (1991), Mikhail played Cesar and Joan Cusack played Cathy in a movie they co-wrote the script. In "Company Business" (1991), he played Pyotr Ivanovich Grushenko. Among his more recent appearances, he last appeared in several episodes of "Sex and the City" as Aleksandr Petrovsky from 2003 to 2004, where I noticed that one of its members played Hiro's waitress girlfriend in "Heroes", but it's not verified that it's the same person. He stopped dancing much as it takes a lot out of anyone over the age of 30, so that from 1990 to 2002, he was the artistic director of the White Oak Dance Project touring troupe. He had several girlfriends, including actress Jessica Lange, with whom he had his first child. He made the rest of his children -- Sofia, Anna, and Peter -- with ex-ballerina Lisa Rhinehart. In 2006, he's on tour with the Hell's Kitchen Dance in US and Europe. How long he can dance without suffering the inevitable pains of arthritis following all the battering he has on his knees and ankles is up in the air, or even if ballet will remain popular enough to support a paying crowd. Kirov Ballet was originally called the Mariinsky Ballet, before Sergei Kirov was killed and his name was honored on this ballet company. After Communism fell, the company reverted back to Mariinsky Ballet. The Kirov Ballet's choreography school was the Vaganova School, and named after its teacher Agripina Vaganova who helped prepare Rudolf and Mikhail, as well as Anna Pavlova and other great dancers. Since The Nutcracker performance, Gelsey fell into drug addiction and anorexia that ruined her career.

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How things change

Is al Qaeda on its last breath? There are reports that up to four leaders were killed, and then Usama bin Laden shows-up, stating that his associates are ready to deal a deadly blow upon US soil again, but, that he's ready to make peace if US wants peace. It's not a bluff. It is traditional for Arabians (even one of Indian origin such as Usama) who hold the upper cards to offer peace before hitting with devastating force. If al Qaeda is really on its last breath, and Usama is talking about a deadly blow, then one plus one equals, the 100 missing Ukrainian attache-case size tactical atom bombs. (Whose radioactivity quickly decays-away, so it has to be used quickly before it turns into a dud. Since it's about, how long has it been? 15 years? It might already have turned into a dud.) How things have changed indeed, if those tactical bombs were already installed strategically in US, long before the radioactive detectors carried by police officers began scanning the area. But maybe al Qaeda is ok, and it's just more conventional attacks, such as Hoover dam and the Sears Towers, on top of the White House and the Congress building. Maybe the Washington Monument? In any case, Georgie Bushie is just one of the dumb crusaders who kept getting trapped and wiped-out by the Arabians whenever they tried to make a go into Israel. Unfortunately, unlike mybookshop which did read-up on historic Arabian military tactics and strategies (also Arabian fairy tales and everything else related to the Middle-East, so how come there's a list of books on Muslems that's not updated in years, but never anything on Arabians?), Georgie's underlings are lambs fit for slaughter, and just as stupid.

How things change: mybookshop has always voted against investments in mainland China, with an occasional jab at the corruption, the diseases, and the rebellions. But the mainstream news media ignored all of the dire warnings and insisted that mainland China was going to become an even bigger economy than Japan, and rival US in a few years. They forgot that it's a Communist country trying to embrace capitalism (money for the businessmen and politicians) without shedding the Communist skin (taking away lands from farmers without compensation). Now the media is starting to do scare-stories about rebellions and "civil-war wannabees" in mainland China, as if it's actually "news". But being nothing but the mass-hysteria media that it is, it doesn't offer solutions to pacify the peasant population. No, not like mybookshop which does offer solutions -- even to Communist Chinese leaders -- instead of trying to scare people with unfounded fear and claiming that the "end of the world is near".

Now, it's not that unusual for the greatest sport player to earn $10 million and more, but on February 20, 1963, baseball player Willie Mays signed-up with the San Francisco Giants for $100,000 a year, which was the highest sum that was ever paid in baseball history up till then. Someone like Willie may be expected to earn $30 million and more in the current price competition, but inflation didn't shoot-up 100 to 300 times during the last 43 years. How things changed.

On January 27, 2006 (

Happy birthday to 1919: David Seville, born as Ross Bagdasarian in the town of Fresno in Fresno County in California, US, who is known for making the "Alvin and the Chipmunks" which used to be a famous comic (Even I have the Alvin comic books, right next to the Jerry Lewis and witch comic books.) that was made into animation before Fox Network came into existence, and then flooded its Saturday morning television programs with old Japanese anime that became so pervasive in US, that you'd think maybe it's Europe. (But he asked for it. Remember the Alvin animation episode where he was singing "I want Japanese, Japanese banana~~~, I want Japanese, Japanese banana~~~"? Japan didn't have native banana trees, so it flooded US with anime.) He began writing songs early in life, and by 1939 he wrote and novelist cousin William Saroyan did the lyric to "Come On-a My House" before he was shipped-away during World War II to the town of Seville in Spain. After the War, Ross went to Los Angeles in 1950 where Rosemary Clooney (Born to working mother Frances and always alcoholic Andrew Clooney on May 23, 1928, in poor town Maysville, Kentucky. When Rosemary was 13, Frances married a California sailor and took Rosemary's brother Nick with her, but dumped Rosemary and sister Betty with Andrew. Right after World War II ended in 1945, Andrew grabbed all the money at home and deserted 17 years old Rosemary and Betty to fend for themselves. If not for the refund on empty bottles that littered the town, they would have starved. They would have been evicted from their home also but they sang so well at a Cincinnati WLW radio station contest that they were hired at $20 a week each to sing every night as "The Clooney Sisters" that Tony Pastor's music band heard and hired from 1945 to 1948 when Betty decided to go back to Cincinnati to sing on the radio, while Rosemary stayed with the band till 1949 when she left for New York City and just as quickly signed-up by Columbia Records. Here, she met Mitch Miller who convinced Rosemary to sing Ross' song despite her protest that it was insulting and beneath her. Mitch persisted, and it made her a famous singer who began singing with Bing Crosby on radio and the "White Christmas" movie in 1954. The gossip mill said she was in love with dancer Dante Di Paolo, but she married actor Jose Ferrer with whom she had just about one baby a year from 1955 to 1960. She took drugs to keep-up with her job and children, but it failed, leading to their divorce in 1961, then back together, only to divorce again in 1967. She was standing near her friend Robert Kennedy when he was killed in 1968, causing her to go into a hysterical nervous break-down, announcing retirement and staying in the Los Angeles Mount Sinai Hospital's mental ward for the next few years. Bing asked her to join his 50th anniversary tour in 1976 which became his last, and her come-back performance, despite her sister Betty's death from brain aneurysm. She married that dancer, Dante, in 1997. She gave her last performance at the Count Basie Theater in Redbank, New Jersey on December 15, 2001, and then had her lung cancer removed a month later, but remained at the Mayo Clinic till May 2002 since it had already metastasized, and unable to personally receive her February 2002 lifetime Grammy award. She died on June 29, 2002 at age 74 in her home in Beverly Hills, surrounded by her five children, Dante, and grandchildren. Her brother Nick is still alive.) recorded the song in 1951 and it turned into a number one hit song. Although Ross was a songwriter, he also appeared as an actor in Alfred Hitchcock directed "Rear Window" (1954: A wheel-chair bound guy whose leg has to be in a cast for seven weeks peeping on his neighbors and thinks he saw a crime committed.) James Stewart played the role of peeping-tom L. B. Jefferies and Grace Kelly who later went to Monaco played Lisa Carol Fremont. Ross played the role of, a piano-playing songwriter. He also appeared in Billy Wilder directed "Stalag 17" (1953) which starred William Holden as Sergeant Sefton, Otto Preminger (doesn't that name sound familiar?) as sadistic Colonel Oberst von Scherbach, and Sig Rumann as *that* sergeant Schultz. Michael Moore (could it be, can it be, *that* Michael?) played Manfredi wo was shot while trying to escape, to escape the boredom of the Nazi concentration camp, whose life Sefton had bet will lose, in a black-humor comedy that doesn't look anything like "Hogan's Heroes"' stalag 13. As for Ross, he's the uncredited soldier singing at the Christmas party. Chronologically incorrect, but he also appeared in "The Greatest Show on Earth" (1952. Big deal. I can bend my fingers like that high-wire guy also.) "Viva Zapata!" (1952), "Destination Gobi" (1953), "Alaska Seas" (1954), "Hot Blood" (1956), "Three Violent People" (1956), "The Proud and Profane" (1956), "The Devil's Hairpin" (1957), and "The Deep Six" (1957). During all this time, he also signed with Liberty Records to write songs in 1955, starting with "The Trouble with Harry". It reached number 44 (or so). In 1956, he wrote "Tonight, You Belong to Me" and "Gonna Get Along Without Ya Now". By the time he released the song "Armen's Theme" in November 1956, he had changed his name to David Seville, with the surname derived from the town he stayed during the War. Early in 1958, he began experimenting with speeding-up regularly recorded voice. (I used to do that often with my open-reel tape recorder also: Record the voice while removing the metal cover around the capstan or whatever that thing is called, and the tape recorder uses less tape. Put the cylindrical metal back-on, and the voice speeds-up.) One of that experiment became the song "The Witch Doctor", that became a number one hit in April 1958. While working with the double speed voice, it occurred to him that the high-pitched voice is perfect for use as animal voices, and wrote "The Bird On My Head". But he really hit it big when he decided that the voice was great for another animal, and released "The Chipmunk Song" in December 1958. The Alvin character was based on his own son Adam, who often said frustrating things that were copied into the song itself, with Ross providing David's voice. But Alvin's name and that of the other chipmunk names, Simon and Theodore, were based on the Liberty Record bosses, Al Bennett and Si Warnoker, as well as chief engineer Ted Keep. Children identified with the chipmunks and it sold by the millions; not only the song, but the toys, the vinyl records, the comic books that I have, and the television animation shows that I didn't have. By 1970, over 30 million records in this Chipmunk voices were sold. Everything was going well when he suddenly died of a heart attack on January 16, 1972 in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, California, and his son, Junior, took over the television animation and everything else. He was buried at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles. It wasn't until 1980 that Junior released two more albums. The animation was revived in the mid-1980's. It didn't regain the wild reception but it remained famous. Now, no one remembers these old-fashioned animations, because aside from The Simpsons and a few other survivors, it's anime all the way. Even those short comic strips are expected to have manga styles. Small children especially identify with those big eyed manga, because those Japanese authors are also kids who draw them the way other young kids draw them, so they also think alike and can follow the stories in the same way. (You can tell which Japanese author started drawing manga when they were much elderly -- like 19 or even an ancient 24 years old -- because they start drawing smaller, and smaller eyes.)

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How things change.

Report out of NASA is that a strange piece of rock found on Mars turned out to be an iron-nickel meteorite that just happened to be intact and plopped-up on the ground. On Earth, if they find an iron-nickel meteorite just standing there on the ground, the reason why that happened is because Earth used to be covered in very thick glacial ice and the meteor shattered the ice, which cushioned the meteorite so that it did not shatter into tiny pieces. On Mars, they're trying to avoid saying that this meteorite kept its intact shape because a thick layer of ice, or even an ocean cushioned its entry. mybookshop, naturally, mentioned that the height of the land on one hemisphere of Mars is high and that's where there seems to be carbon dioxide ice, while the other hemisphere is low, and that's where there seems to be water ice, apparently, because that lower half used to be a big ocean. Will everyone's perception of what Mars used to be, change? Can we reflect back and say how things have changed since then?

Jews used to bash Swiss and Austrian banks for refusing access to their pre-World War II era accounts even with the correct account numbers until they were shamed into coughing out the money. How things have changed. Now, Israeli banks are being bashed for refusing to hand-over Jewish money that was deposited before the War, to the tune of $200 million. Unless they change their minds quickly and stop behaving like the stereotypified money-grabby "jew", they're going to justify all that Nazi Germany has been saying about them... plus one US president... plus Henry Ford... plus others.

Pokemon is short for "pocket monster", because they were tiny monsters of incredible power. Things sure have changed when their popularity went down, but another pokemon, which are tiny monsters of incredible power, was found by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York: POK Erythroid Myeloid Ontogenic factor, or Pokemon for short is a protein producing gene in mice that causes cells to turn cancerous when it mutates.

Ibogaine is a hallucinogen that causes a long trance like state that was used in the 1960's. Heroin addicts also used it to control the craving for heroin when they can't get it. How things have changed. It turned out that it can also control craving for alcohol, which is an even bigger addiction than narcotics, and responsible for even more accidents and deaths. Once someone can make a derivative of ibogaine which isn't toxic, then there might be something to cause the Mothers Against Drunk-Drivers to disband. (It might also work on people suffering Prader-Willi syndrome or PWS, which is accompanied by the deletion or non-expression of a segment of chromosome 15, which was first described by Andrea Prader, Heinrich Willi, Alexis Labhart, Andrew Ziegler, and Guido Fanconi in 1956. As far as the lay-people goes, the patient eats like hell and becomes really fat. The patient also has an accute ability to perceive edges which allows the patient to complete a puzzle

On January 27, 2005 (How things have changed. A recent poll in Britain conducted on Britons aged 16 and higher, and then released on December 2, 2004 found that 45% of Britons never heard of Auschwitz-Birkenau near the provincial Polish town of Oshwiecim, where so many Jews were incinerated. Among people under the age of 35, that rises to 60%, even though "Schindler's List" was a popular movie. To commemorate the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the camp by Russian soldiers, the Holocaust Memorial Day on this chat date and year is marked by several programs on television and radio that interview the survivors -- most but not all of whom were Jews [The Gypsies were the most visible faction that never received any compensation nor justice] -- and those who caused it. Part of the problem is that people don't want to hear boring interviews mixed with black and white films of poor quality showing what may look like piles of bones piled high. Part of the problem is that people can't believe that someone can treat someone else so badly, like animals. Anyone who attempts to explain how it's possible due to group pressure, and by depicting a group of people as pigs and hence they become pigs, raises protests that it's an attempt to justify massacres. The other part of the problem is the continuing Hollywood propaganda that Nazi was something that was pure evil, when in fact, the Germans -- at least those who weren't insane -- were following much of the rules and regulations of war to the letter, versus US which refused to follow them. Since Hollywood is writing all the "history" facts, Hollywood also doesn't like to mention that the Germans originally didn't want to kill the Jews but simply ship them out the way Jews now want to ship out the Palestinians. It was only after Britain prevented it did the frustrated Germans used the final solution, with much of the blessing of the Pope, although Hollywood will not want to mention it, because Hollywood's primary audience is a bunch of Catholics who don't want themselves depicted as followers of an evil ruler. Hollywood also doesn't want to mention that US fiscal policies caused a Great Depression that necessitated a big War to cure it. When much of the past is veiled and plastered with lies and fake propaganda histories, why would Britons care to read, hear, or see about Auschwitz? Let alone believe it when they see it. But any attempt to give a fair description is viewed as an outrage, by the winning side. Which is not to say that it's necessary to portray Germans as good-hearted: Der Spiegel weekly of October 10, 2004 reported works by Austrian historians Bertrand Perz and Florian Freund that SS chief Heinrich Himmler ordered that the gas chambers and crematoriums at Auschwitz to be destroyed, it wasn't so much only an attempt to erase evidences, but a process to move it to Mauthausen near the Austrian city of Linz which was to be enlarged, except US soldiers liberated it in May and that was never used.)

Rest In Peace to 1978: 36 years old Evelyn Miroth, her six years old son Jason, 51 years old neighbor Daniel J. Meredith, and 20 months old nephew of Evelyn, Michael Ferreira, of Sacramento, California, US, killed by -- literally blood-thirsty -- 28 years old Richard Chase who may have suffered porphyria on top of his mental problems. Richard Trenton Chase was born on May 23, 1950 in an angry home where he was always beaten without any cause, leaving him frustrated, making him vent his own lack of control over his pain by setting fire and killing and torturing small animals. Richard had been in mental institutions several times and doing several narcotic drugs by 1975. While he stopped taking care of his hygiene, he also became obsessed that his heart was not beating, listening for hours at a time to make sure that his heart hasn't stopped. He also began to believe that his blood was drying up and had to replenish it by drinking more, by killing squirrels and rabbits to drink their blood. This is how his father found him, suffering toxic shock from drinking rabbit blood that had him sent into the psychiatric ward of a hospital for treatment. While in the hospital, he killed two birds and drunk their blood while smearing it on his face, leading him to be called "Dracula" by the nurses and other patients. He was deemed cured and released in June 1977, moving to his own apartment in Watt Avenue in the city of Sacramento, although he was deemed unfit to work and living on welfare. Neighborhood pets will disappear but there was nothing to match that to Richard who was complaining that extraterrestrials and Nazis wanted to kill him. But soon Richard grew tired of drinking blood of pets. On August 3, 1977, he was found by the Lake Tahoe in the Walker River Reservation in Nevada, blood-soaked, naked, and next to a bucket of blood. His truck was also filled with guns. He was arrested, but once it was determined that the blood came from a cow, he was released (mybookshop has professed not to care about animal killings while also seemingly showing hypocrisy by wanting people who kill animals to be prosecuted severely because they will eventually escalate it to do the same thing to people, right?). The police didn't know it at that time, but on December 28, 1977, Richard saw Ambrose Griffin and his wife returning from shopping and shot Ambrose through his chest but couldn't drink Ambrose' blood because his wife was nearby (It's also possible that Richard has been killing many others but they couldn't be proven). A few days before this chat date event, he complained at the hospital that his head kept changing shape and someone stole his pulmonary artery, but the drug to control his paranoid schizophrenia seemed to be working, so he was released. But because the law cannot force him to keep taking the drug to keep him sane and safe for others around him, he stopped taking the drug because it also causes nausea. But without the drug, he thought that his blood was drying up into powder and voices told him to drink more blood to make-up for his lack of blood, and he had to escape his apartment because his mother was paid by Nazi to poison him. After breaking into several Sacramento houses on January 23, 1978 and stealing valueables, he broke into the house of 12 weeks pregnant 22 years old Theresa "Terry" Wallin about two miles from his apartment sometime before 1:30 PM (Theresa's mother called at that time and no one answered). As soon as Theresa saw Richard with the gun, she raised her hands in front of herself, but Richard shot her through the hand, elbow and the side of her neck with his .22 caliber gun. Before she can react, he shot her again, through the skull. Then he shot her through her temple. As Theresa was still dying, Richard went into the kitchen to take a knife and rip-off her clothes, slit open her abdomen to remove her intestines, pancreas, kidneys and the spleen. Then he cut off her nipples and jabs her left breast and chest several times (Since the caliber is too small to kill her with one shot, Theresa was still alive at this time and her heart was still pumping blood out, all over her body). There is also evidences that he put containers around her to collect the blood that poured out. Afterwards, he scoops up Theresa's dog's fecal matter in her mouth before leaving. Theresa's 24 years old laundry-truck driver husband, David Wallin, returned that evening at around 6 PM to find out what happened. He ran screaming into a neighbor's house and the neighbor called the police. David remained too traumatized to explain what happened, and sheriff Duane Low's deputy who saw it also had trouble describing it. The sheriff in turn called Russ Vorpagel, the Sacramento coordinator for the FBI's Behavioral Science Unit. But despite the goulish scene that indicated an insane maniac on the loose, neither the Russ nor the sheriff stress that it was caused by an insane maniac who will likely strike again very soon, because they were both obsessed with gathering evidences after the facts, rather than preventing more killings. (mybookshop also noted that profilers are utterly useless parasites as they now stand who just waste tax-payer's money, because although they usually do a good job of figuring out what type of person to look for, they only do a good match after the person is captured by other means, and not as a result of the profile. The only way a profiler is of any use comes about if everyone who ever went into a mental institute or jail is put into a massive national database and they can be searched and matched. But criminals have more legal rights than innocent people, so they don't want themselves put into such a database that innocent people don't mind.). A few days later on this chat date and a mile from where Theresa was killed, divorced Evelyn and her son Jason were babysitting nephew Michael and invited friend Daniel. Evelyn was taking a bath, so Daniel opened the door to see who was knocking outside when Daniel was immediately shot. Richard then burst into the bath, shot her in the head, then dragged her into her bedroom, spread her legs apart, raped and sodomized her massively before shoving a carving knife up her anus and piercing through her uterus at least six times, as well as several stabs into her neck and throat, opening her abdomen to remove her intestines and internal organs to drain them of blood, trying to remove one eye unsuccessfully -- since her heart was beating in order for him to collect the blood that poured out into containers, she may have been conscious of what was happening for a while. Then Jason came into the bedroom, so Richard shot him twice in the head. Then he shot little Michael in the head, then took Michael to the bathroom to open the skull to drink his's blood while also spilling part of the brain into the bathtub. Jason was supposed to go to a friend's house on that day, and when Jason didn't come, the friend sent her young daughter to find out why. The girl saw movement at the front window but no one answered the door. It appears that Richard was splitting open Michael's head at that time, because Michael's corpse was carried away. The next morning, the worried neighbor broke into the house to find out what happened and saw the carnage. The foot-print in blood was the same as that where Theresa was killed. Then the police began canvassing everyone in a half-a-mile radius. Some witnesses saw a man acting weird. Daniel's red station wagon was found abandoned nearby and it looks as if Richard had used it, although all that witnesses can remember was that a white man was driving it. On January 28, 1978, one woman in her later 20's told her of a man who graduated from her high school in 1968, Richard Chase. She was in her car and saw him a hour before Richard attacked Theresa but she almost didn't recognize Richard, because he was so skeletal, sunken eyes, and yellow crust around his mouth and wearing a bloody shirt. When he tried to open her car door, she drove away in fright. It turned out that Richard had a history of weapon charges, mental problems and blood drinking, and lived a mile away. He was staked from nearby but didn't come out and did not answer telephone calls because Richard realized that he was staked. When they pretended that they were going away, Richard finally came out with a box under his arm and ran toward his truck. They grabbed him down when the .22 gun rolled out and Richard tried to hide Daniel's wallet. The box he had was filled with bloody rags. Inside the apartment were animal collars, three food blenders with human organs, ketchup bottle filled with blood, blood on every wall, floor, window, bathtub, and bed, and the refrigerator had dishes of body parts. The 1978 calendar also was marked "Today" for January 23 and January 27, marking the two days when he killed and drunk blood. The same words were also marked on 44 other days. Richard insisted that he was innocent due to insanity, although his rambling mentioned several others whom he killed. The trial opened on January 2, 1979. After four months and five hours of deliberation, he was declared guilty of six killings on May 8, 1979 and sent to San Quentin prison to await execution. During this time, he was complaining of depression, so he was prescribed Sinequan. But because he wasn't supervised to make sure he was taking them, he hoarded them and then took all of them on December 26, 1980. This wasn't the middle-ages when the people had no treatment for insanity, nor public money to jail a person for life, that led people to burn them. None of this may have happened if only Richard was forced to take his anti-psychosis pills like clockwork, rather than being given the freedom to torture, kill, and eat as many people as he wanted. The real sicko isn't Richard, who wasn't in his rational mind and couldn't understand what was happening, but the sicko politicians who make these sicko laws.

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Due to the DNA analysis of people suffering microcephaly that induces small cerebral cortex, University of Chicago researchers determined that the gene that determine human brain size has been under intense selective pressure over the past few million years that led it to change 15 times between humans and chimpanzees (but much less with bobono, although thoses researchers didn't check that out). Assuming that the point mutations are consistent with age as widely presumed in conventional genetics, there have been changes taking place 300,000 to 400,000 years apart, although the last change took place 200,000 to 500,000 years ago when a mutation so advantageous took place that everyone has it, be they what the Europeans -- such as Charles Darwin -- classified as inferior Africans, Asians, natives and the sophisticated Greeks... even though current genetic data shows that the Greeks are actually Arabians, who are northern Africans. What the researchers said was that whatever happened at least 200,000 years ago, anything that mutated it was disadvantageous and so it has remained the same. As far as mybookshop sees it, it means that as far as brain capacity is concerned, there is a possibility that those primitive people of 200,000 to 500,000 years ago had the ability to think like contemporary human. Meaning, there was the possibility that the first villages and hence a primitive civilization could have formed that long ago, and not just 10,000 years ago, right at the boundary when the last Ice Age ended.

You may have read in the news that those prions that everyone seems to be weary about may be the very memory proteins that makes you remember things. But, do you know why mybookshop knew that memory was stored in protein and not some neuronal connections? A very old Encyclopaedia Britannica science book of the year from the 1970's had a microgram, a black and white photograph taken through a microscope that showed circular protein spheres being moved in waves, along with a caption that said that these were memory proteins. Since it was known that memory is stored in duplicates and that people who get transplanted organs seem to "remember" things that happened to the organ donor, it seemed to be the only logical explanation even back then. Neurology books and journals that claimed that memory is stored as neuron connections didn't hold water with the known facts about human memory. Which is why mybookshop knew that it's possible for a dead person's memory to suddenly awaken in a young child, who often put things like worms and other things without realizing that they shouldn't do it. It's also why mybookshop isn't horrified by stories of cannibals who eat the brains of their enemies in the hope of gaining the enemy's knowledge. Eating cow's brain or a monkey's brain to get those animals' memory? Now that's really awful and disgusting.

On January 27, 2004 ("How things change")

"To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, Thomas Alva Edison, of Menlo Park, in the State of New Jersey, United States of America, have invented an improvement on Electric Lamps, and in the method of manufacturing the same, (Case Number 186) of which the following is a specification. The object of this invention is to produce electric lamps giving light by incandescence, which lamps shall have high resistance, so as to allow of the practical subdivision of the electric light." That's how Thomas' November 4, 1879 patent application for his improved electric lamp began. He didn't claim to have invented the electric lamp, as every US media and history books triumphantly proclaim, but just improve it, as in make it use less electricity and last longer. He quickly obtained his patent on this chat date in 1880 so that he can claim that he has all the manufacuturing rights, something that he had to cherish, as so many patent fights that he had in a court of law were lost. Yet even that's bestowing too much credit upon Thomas, since it was actually Thomas' assistants who did all the works and much of the ideas, with Thomas just providing rough directions on what to do. In the two years it took his assistants to find out that bamboo conducts electricity, his assistants also found many other strange things, such as how electricity can flow in a vacuum, and an electrode inserted between this flow can modulate the flow of electricity. It could amplify electrical signal and formed the basis of the original radio, computer and other electronics. Yet Thomas received the credit by having this dubbed as the Edison effect, but Thomas never realized that this effect had any useful purpose at all. But for about a century, not much changed. The halogen lamp is just so much diaster; it produces enough heat to toast your home into cinder. The fluorescent lamp did come out, but it was big and bulky. The neon light came out but it was not bright enough nor white enough to use as a light source. It was recently that the compact fluorescent lamp that's almost as small as the incandescent lamp came out and is now rapidly becoming cheaper. In a few years, the white light emitting diode that's bright enough to be used as a light source will be with us to make the light source very tiny, and then go back in a full circle as a new type of high efficiency photonic crystal tungsten lamp is used once more.

1945: This is the date that Russian soldiers claim to have liberated the Jews in the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex to end, although Russia denied that six million Jews were killed and went on to persecute Jews. To commemorate and remember the victims of the concentration camp, the Auschwitz museum was made to meditate on the deaths in silence. Everything remained a solemon occasion until the Israeli embassy in Poland said that for 2003, they're going to do something different by flying three Israeli military jets over the camp on September 4, 2003, that will then be followed by two Polish MIG-29 (jets made by Russia) in a show of Israeli military power.

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Back in February 2002 when British Queen Elizabeth II visited Jamaica, the Members of the Rastafarian Brethen of Jamaica, they made the request to her that Jamaica is entitled to reparations for the untold centuries of slavery and deaths that its people suffered in the form of debt relief, because that slavery which profited Britain so much has left Jamaica in an economic backwater. Then on January 2, 2003, the British High Commission declared; "We regret and condemn the inequities of the historic slave trade, but these shameful activities belong to the past." Instead, Britain will commemorate (as in "whooppie! hurray!"?) the British enslavement of Jamaicans who weren't even prisoners of wars or conquered people or anything like that, but just kidnapped people. The lawyer representing Jamaica said it was unfair because Jamaica is willing to forgive Britain for only $109 million in debts out of trillions of dollars, let alone any civil suit for the deaths, especially because the white slave owners of Jamaica were already rewarded and compensated for the loss of their slaves, rather than being prosecuted for what they did to make it even more bitter. Will the British soldiers arise to support these Jamaicans? Or Chinese? Or Americans? Or anyone else? Because if they don't, then the British, the Chinese, the Americans and others who are making similar claims are just self-centered hypocrits who were treated like slaves because they were only punished for their crimes.

On January 27, 2003 (That story that didn't come in last year finally came, although it was abbreviated somewhat to make it in time.)

1671: Pirate, Sir Henry Morgan lands at Panama City. Henry was born around 1635 in Penkarne, Monmouth, England or Llanrhymny, Glamorgan, Wales. While he was a boy growing up in Wales, he was kidnapped and sent to the island of Barbados in the English West Indies to work as a slave in a plantation. (mybookshop has already repeated several times that children with no African blood formed part of the slave network. While white slaves were supposed to be freed after seven years, their owners often starved them on the last year to force them to sign a contract to be slaves for seven more years.) Henry would have remained a servant boy on this island until he was frail and of no use to his master, but on December 16, 1653, the royalty in England was replaced by Oliver Cromwell as England's Lord Protector (Henry's uncle Thomas Morgan was a colonel for the Royalists, while Henry's uncle and hence Thomas' brother Edward Morgan was a Major-General on Oliver's side). By October 1654, Oliver's Instrument of Government gave him more power than the King whom he disposed of. Flush with all this power, on December 20, 1654, he began the attack on the Spanish West Indies by capturing Hispaniola. When Oliver's fleet of 38 ships and 7,000 to 8,000 soldiers under Admiral Penn and General Venables landed at the island of Barbadoes, hundreds of willing young men fled their masters to join the fleet and win their freedom and swelled the number of soldiers to between 8,000 to 9,000. 19 years old Henry was one of those men... or Henry was not kidnapped but volunteered to join General Venable's force at Plymouth in 1654. They left the port at Barbados on March 31, 1655 and headed for the Spanish city of Santo Domingo. It turned out that the rag-tag army of inexperienced men were no match for the small but well-trained Spanish force and they were easily repelled by April 17, 1655. Unable to face Oliver in England after this dismal failure, they decided to attack Jamaica's one and only tiny Spanish colony of Santiago de la Vega that they managed to capture after several weeks of battle, 8,000 to 9,000 men with the best fleet that English money can buy and equip, against the 200 unprepared Spanish soldiers. While the Admiral and the General went back to England to report to Oliver that they captured Jamaica -- and promptly thrown in the Tower of London for their incompetency -- the soldiers remained here on this mosquito infested island, but over the following years, they all began to die from dysentry, malaria and yellow fever, even while the Spanish who fled into the forests and the savannas with run-away slaves maintained their guerilla war of attrition. Unwilling to give up this piece of God-forsaken island in the middle of Spanish West Indies, Oliver promised anyone willing to settle here 30 acres of land to keep the island populated. After Oliver died on September 3, 1658, Charles II came back to power in England in 1660, with Oliver's body dug out and then symbolically executed on January 30, 1661. Charles also wanted to keep Jamaica for England, but he couldn't afford to keep his royal navy in Jamaica to protect the English settlers, so he offered letters of marque to privateers in Jamaica who were to protect the island. Henry became one of those privateers.

What's the difference between a privateer and a pirate? A pirate is an independent thief who can be hanged if caught by his own government. A privateer is a thief who steal from other governments but who works for his government and has papers to prove it, but otherwise is free to rape, torture, mutilate, kill any adult, child or baby as they see fit, as long as part of the stolen loot is handed over to government officials.

Under Commodore Mings's wing, Henry as a captain raided Santiago de Cuba Henry in 1662, but with the practice of pirating perfected, he decimated the city and looted all of its riches. In 1663, he also attacked San Francisco de Campeche with equal rich loots for himself and England. The it was Villa Hermosa, Trujillo and Granada's turn to fall under his brutal raids. By the time Henry returned to Port Royal in Jamaica, he was a rich man. And with him so rich, his extended family began immigrating into Jamaica to share in the booty. One of them was his uncle, Colonel Edward Morgan, except he died while attacking the Dutch island of Statia. Henry himself married his cousin Mary Elizabeth in 1665. By 1666, Henry became the Colonel of Port Royal's army that he then used to attack Puerto Principe and Puerto Bello. And for the unlucky people of Puerto Bello, most women and girls were raped and killed while the men and boys were tortured and butchered en masse (at par with something Genghis Khan would have been proud of) while beating down the 3,000 men Spanish soldiers from the city of Panama who veinly tried to save its citizens. The reward for this gruesome massacre was 250,000 pieces of eight (gold coins), a huge amount of money in any era, with part of the loot going back to Jamaica's governor and to Charles, although officially, Charles denied any knowledge of what happened to prevent Spain from declaring a war on England in retaliation. (England and its offspring US have long histories of gruesome mutilations and massacres which are officially denied but unofficially encouraged by its kings and presidents. The details of these near-genocides are sealed until everyone involved are long dead and people forget about them. The details of how US started World War II is only starting to trickle out because those sealed documents are starting to be opened up, although anyone who dare to point out the details in public in US is still going to face the gun-sights of the surviving veterans who are still permitted to bear arms to silence anyone who tries to portray them as the evil villains that they are.)

Since the Spanish found out that these -- as far as the Spanish believed -- "pirates" were operating out of Jamaica, they decided to attack. Jamaica's English governor Modyford found out about it and Henry decided that the best defense is an offense, and decided to launch an offense at the city of Cartagena in October 1668. He decided to setup his headquarter on the Cow island to begin his offense, when his main ship, the Oxford, exploded, killing 300 of 900 men onboard, with many more maimed. Having lost so many of his men and war supplies, one of his French captains suggested that they attack a smaller Spanish target, the Maracaibo city. With 400 men and several small ships, he attacked, but the people saw the ships and fled into the forest. His men found some people hiding in the forest and tortured them to get their money before killing them, but it didn't amount to much. He sailed further south into the Lagoon of Maracaibo to the town of Gibraltar, but most of the people fled. The few people he managed to capture in the eight weeks that he stayed in the area were tortured to get others hiding elsewhere to pay a ransom, although that netted only 5,000 pieces of eight -- it turned out that the French privateer, L'Ollonais, had raided this area three years before and took most of the gold with them. Disappointed with the haul, he sailed north, back to Maracaibo, when he encountered Spanish Vice-Admiral Alonso del Campo y Espinosa at the narrow inlet which was the only exit out to the Caribbean, who commanded three powerful men-o-war; the 40 gun Magdalena, the 30 gun Santa Louisa and the 24 gun La Marquesa; and the island at the inlet was also fortified with cannons and a big army. Strangely, whether Alonso didn't know about the gruesome tortures and mutilations that Henry inflicted on Spanish adults and children or didn't care about them, Alonso offered to let Henry go free if he turned over all the gold and other treasures that he looted. Henry was given two days to decide, and Henry decided to fight. On April 31, 1669, Alonso awoke to find five or six small English ships heading toward his fleet. By the time the Magdalena fired the first cannon ball, one ship stuffed full of explosives hit the side of the ship, while the 12 men onboard the ship grappled their ship to the Magdalena and then lit the fuses before jumping overboard and swimming for their dear lives. When the small English ship exploded, the Magdalena also rapidly caught fire and Alonso gave order to abandon ship. In a panic, the captain of the Santa Louisa had grounded his ship on the shallow waters and it also began to sink so that the ship fled, so that Henry had only La Marquesa to fight. After a short fight, Henry's small ships surrounded and captured La Marquesa, while Alonso fled to the fortified island of San Carlos. Henry attacked, but was beaten back with 30 dead and more wounded. Alonso controlled the exit but Henry controlled the cities and towns, so Henry made the Spanish citizens pay up 20,000 pieces of eight as ransom. He also raised the sunken ship to recover 15,000 pieces of eight and many gold bars. Unable to escape this area, Henry decided to fake a landing on the far-side of the island of San Carlos: He sent his men out to the island in boats for the Spanish to see, and then had them duck down and hide while the boats rowed back. Fearful of a night-time land assault from land, the Spanish moved their heavy cannons toward land and away from the inlet. Under cover of darkness, Henry sailed out of the narrow inlet with no further loss in men but with a princely sum of gold when he returned to Port Royal on May 17, 1669. (Alonso was arrested and sent to Spain for questioning, but was commended for bravery, even though he could have destroyed Henry's small ships and just worried about getting all the looted treasures from the shallow waters.) Rich with all these gold, Henry expanded his sugar plantation for a while until late 1670 when he decided to sail for Panama, the richest city in the New World. With 35 small ships and 1,800 to 2,000 English and French men, Henry's men took the first fort at Chagres River with 100 of Henry's men dead. Henry hoped to feed his men with the food taken from the Spanish supplemented with jungle food, but there was nothing, leading his men to eat leather, tree bark and anything else, while fighting diseases, alligators and even the natives who occasionally fired their poisoned arrows. By the time Henry reached the city of Panama, his men were sick and tired, while the Spanish Governor Don Juan Perez de Guzman's men numbered 2,000 infantry and 500 cavalry. But most of the infantry were native slaves or untrained. Don Juan knew that he was ill equipped to fight, so he planned to release a herd of several hundred cattles which were supposed to trample Henry's men so that the cavalry can then skewer them afterwards. But Don Juan made a mistaken and ordered the cavalry to attack. Henry's reputation as a clever fighter and a gruesome mutilator and killer had preceeded him, so that most Spanish cavalry men fled as soon as Henry fired only the first shot. Then as Henry's men went up a hill, the cattles were released, and the cattles just headed down and away from Henry's men. The Spanish fled the city of Panama, but not before its rich warehouses filled with oriental silk, spices and other inflammable riches were burning -- either set aflame by the fleeing Spanish, or by Henry's bumbling men themselves. Henry's men spent the next several weeks torturing Spanish citizens to find where they hid the treasures, as well as searching people in the forest to torture them. In total, they eventually stole and extorted 400,000 pieces of eight, but Henry's men had expected even more treasures and were disappointed. Because Henry didn't come unannounced, most Spanish merchants had already fled with their wealth and the silver dug out of the Peruvian mines with native slaves was gone. (Silver was worth much more back then relative to gold, but do you remember the article on the plot used to enhance the value of gold relative to silver by Britain so that Britain's government went from poor to wealthy? Silver remained in circulation as money, but gold was removed from circulation and US citizens were forbidden from owning it for a while.) On the long march back to their boats, rumors began to circulate that each man's share of the loot was less than 200 pieces of eight, so Henry just took his major share of the gold and quickly left his men on shore and fled for Port Royal. As it turned out, back in Europe, England and Spain had concluded a peace treaty and were no longer enemies, just a few days after Henry had left Port Royal on his raid on Panama. The news of the looting, raping, torturing, mutilation and killings of the city of Panama quickly went to Spain and Spain was talking of war with England. Henry was back in Port Royal in April, and by June, Governor Modyford was arrested and sent back to England so that England can give the impression that it was going to punish him (he lived a luxurious life inside the London Tower until all the commotions died down), while Thomas Lynch was sent to Jamaica to become the new governor. But soon Spain began to hear how it was Henry who attacked Panama and the Spanish began protesting to England to have Henry punished as well. Thomas wouldn't think of arresting Henry, because rapist-torturer-mutilator-killer Henry was a hero for the English settlers in Jamaica because he brought home so much gold. With threat of war with Spain still looming, Thomas was arrested on April 4, 1672 and taken to England onboard the Welcome. Henry was also welcomed in England as a hero and spent his time consulting and chatting with government officials. For being such a good rapist-torturer-mutilator-killer who brought so much gold, Charles knighted him in 1675 (as expected, when the publishers of Esquelemling's famous tales talked about his brutal attacks on women, children and babies alike, he sued and won) and then returned to Jamaica as its lieutenant-governor on March 6, 1675. Here, Henry spent his time drinking himself silly and gambling away his money, although he was still rewarded with a handsome sum of 600 pounds salary. While there were still tales of his involvement with regular pirates, his popularity got him free. Although he spent most of his time drunk, part of the reason for heavy drinking was to kill the pain because he contracted venereal diseases from all those women he raped whom his men also gang-raped so that Henry's men all passed the venereal diseases among themselves. He died raving and in dilerium on the Saturday noon of August 25, 1688. The next day the forts fired their guns in unison to honor this rapist-torturer-mutilator-killer who was given a hero's burial. Idolized as the rapist-torturer-mutilator-killer who earned so much gold, Britons will copy that same tactic upon the North American natives and Africans whom they will also treat alike and then glorify all the rapist-torturer-mutilator-killer in US history books. And the proof as to the scale of what took place is in the huge land-mass that is now known as US, of A.

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While there is a current news that the mainland Communist Chinese premier's Boeing 676 which was sold by US was found to contain over 20 sophisticated listening devices attached to satellite communication devices despite the surveillance by Chinese agents while the airplane was being assembled, the first article here on Jewish spies was written a month or more before the current China incidence and is just a pure coincidence that it was selected as the first article for today. But since it occurred not that long since that Chinese pilot lost his life, it sure sounds like it was custom-made, just for today.

On January 27, 2002 (For a while, it looked as thought there are only crumbs left, but there were enough common denominations to say that "lives lost" is the theme for today. The article on Henry Morgan didn't make it in time.)

1969: After the claimed discovery of a network of spies in Iraq, 14 men -- of whom 11 were Jews -- were publicly sentenced to hang in Baghdad while half a million people danced around the scaffolds dancing "death to traitors" and "death to Israel". Once Britain et al helped destroy the Ottoman Empire with the "divide and conquer" tactic which works so well even now, Britain began ruling what is now Iraq in 1917 till 1932 when Iraz gaiined independence. For a while, the Jews lived in tranquility until June 1941 when pro-Nazi coup d'etat led anti-Semitic Iraqi to kill 180 Jews and wounding many more. When Israel was made in 1948 by carving it out of Palestine, zionism became illegal. While travel restrictions were imposed on the 150,000 Jews in Iraq, some did manage to escape to Israel, at least until 1950 when they were given one year to leave Iraq, resulting in the airlift of 104,000 Jews from May 1950 to August 1951 with Operation Ezra and Operation Nehemiah, while 20,000 more went by land, so that there were only 6,000 Jews after the end of the operations. At the end of the year, however, the properties of Jews who left were taken over and those Jews who chose to stay were economically restrained. By 1952, any Jew who remained had their travel movements restricted and they had to carry yellow identification cards. After the Six Day War of 1967 in which Israel won, many of the 3,000 Jews lost their jobs and their properties confiscated as security threats (at least the Jews were just placed under house arrest, as opposed to Americans of Japanese ancestory who also lost their jobs and their properties confiscated while they themselves were horded into concentration camps before they were then forced to fight for their captives in Europe, and then anyone who refused to fight was considered as spies and enemies of US, and hence POWs to be exchanged for white American soldiers, forcing them to be sent to Japan whose language and customs they didn't know.) And so it was that on this chat date, 14 men, including 11 Jews were hanged in public (the Americans of Japanese ancestory who were hanged were hanged in private) But unlike the case in World War II, this hanging brought protests from around the world, to which, ironically, they used the same justification that Christians used for so long in the Christian persecution and execution of Jews by stating that Iraq was only hanging spies, while it was the Jews who killed Christ. Due to the protests, the other Jews who could travel were eventually allowed to go away, leaving behind only the old and the weak.

1983: 53.85 kilometers long underwater tunnel connects the main island Honshu of Japan to the northern main island of Hokkaido, killing 60 people during the construction of the tunnel which is 100 meters under the sea floor and 240 meters from sea surface level. Due to the rough seas which occasionally kill people who take the ferry boat between the two islands, the original study to see if the underground rock formation was feasible for connecting the two lands with a tunnel was began in 1946. Then the Japan National Railways became a public company separated from the Ministry of Transportation in 1949. Then on September 26, 1954 came typhoon number 15 (Japan used to give names of people to typhoons but gave it up as insulting to people with those names and resorted to using numbers a long time ago, a sensitivity which is lacking with some other countries.) which originally landed on the southern tip of Japan at 1 AM before proceeding to the northern Hokkaido by this midnight while the 4,337 gross ton steamship Toya Maru, owned by the Japan National Railways, was ferrying 1,314 people between the province of Aomori on Honshu and the city of Hakodate in Hokkaido, causing it to capsize. Only 159 people were rescued, while 1,041 people died. This typhoon also damaged 1,130 other ships and boats of all sizes in Japan which claimed 275 more deaths. As with every accident, the blames began flying for the Toya Maru case with Japan National Railways being charged for the deaths. While the judgement was handed down on February 9, 1959, Japan National Railways tried to counter it but was eventually dismissed on April 20, 1961. After the court battles ended, the Japan Railway Construction Corporation was made in March 1964 and the tunneling began at Yoshioka in Hokkaido in May 1964 and at Tappi in Honshu in March 1966. So it was that the pilot tunnel was completed on this chat date. The main tunnel where the traffic flow was made in March 1985 and the railway itself was laid in September 1986. As a result the commercial service began on March 13, 1988 after 19 years and 60 lives on top of those who were lost onboard the Toya Maru.

1996: At the Children's Hospital in San Diego, 15 days old conjoined twins are successfully separated, or so one group of doctors were announcing on this Saturday night, but then another doctor walked in on the news conference to announce that Sarah Morales survives, but Sarahi Morales died shortly after the surgery due to her weaker heart. The two baby girls were born in Tijuana, Mexico, to Miguel Morales and Maria Espinoza. While they couldn't afford the surgery which was estimated to cost $100,000, the publicity of the conjoined twins brought about donations and doctors willing to do the operation for free in order to wallow in the publicity (Basically, the doctors were half motivated by compassion but also because operating on babies with so much publicity surrounding them also rubs publicity, fame and prestige on them. That's why there are many conjoined twins living with their conditions, because no publicity means no fame for the doctor to motivate doing the operation.) The twins were connected at the chest and the abdomen but they were known to have separate lungs and hearts so that it was thought that the operation will be relatively simple and clean. They went into the operating table at 8 AM, although the operation itself began at 10:30 AM. During the operation, it turned out that their liver were interconnected in a more complex manner than originally thought. As a result, although they at first thought that both baby girls survived the operation, Sarahi died less than an hour after she was separated from her sister. But Sarahi's body parts will be used to make a chest wall for her sister.

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Yes, it has been in the news often now; the sales of PCs and Macs have went down so much compared to this time last year that the companies are firing people left and right, and then up and down, and then fore and aft. The newly-rich created by dot-coms have become the newly-poor as dot-com stocks plummeted to Earth and then buried themselves deeper than the deepest canyons. Outlook for European beef market have also went down as the mad-cow scare spread everywhere, even Australia, not to mention US, where meat consumption is going down faster than a laxative going down the toilet after it left relief and the muck. People are also getting fired and then flamed and then explosively burnt-up like some spontaneous combustion deaths of fat people in their lazy-chairs. But look at it this way, the price of computers are not going down all that much, but they are packing a lot more features in the computers for the buck. The catch is that this is not the time to buy it, yet. Wait a couple of months and then see how the prices start tumbling down. That's when you can fire-up your engine -- the car engine, that is -- and head to the nearest computer store and get a great computer on the cheap... only to load it and stuff it with so much new softwares that you have to go and get an even more powerfuller and expensive computer to run all that extra things you wanted to do but put off because you didn't think you have the time. Now that you're fired, and bought yourself a computer, you have all the time in the world... now that does not make sense, does it?

-- or --US Air Force's $1.6 billion Airborne Laser program based on Boeing 747-400F in Wichita is doing great. The demonstration firing should be ready by 2002, and the demonstration take-off and then firing of the laser should be ready by September 2003 so that all the airplanes can be produced and combat ready by 2009, when hopefully, some country with missiles will be nice enough to become an enemy nation so that their missiles can be shut-down in actual combat conditions. The catch with this system is that in order for a Scud missile to evade this laser fire, all it needs is to be covered with several sheaths of silicon light fibers coated with multiple layers of electro-plated gold, silver and platinum. Completely unoxidized Gold and silver are great at reflecting laser light produced by this particular laser, while platinum refuses to melt or evaporate away so that the laser fire can burn away at the metal layer below the one above. Due to the high intensity of the light, the metals will explode away, but the silicon light fiber directs the light perpendicular to the missile's surface so that the light is dissipated around the shell of the missile, while the inherent flexibility of the fiber acts as a shock absorber to absorb the explosive force. Meanwhile, the next layer of metal-plated fiber below acts as the next sacrificial protective layer. All this provides the missile the precious second or two that is necessary to determine that it was under attack by a laser fire so that it can redirect a vent or fire a side-rocket to go out of the laser fire. As long as the last layer of metal-plated fiber remains, it can evade the laser fire over and over again. It's so simple, that I don't see why they don't fire those people who declassified the chemicals used to produce this laser fire.

On January 27, 2001: (Fire of one sort or another. As it happens, after these articles were prepared, it turned out that the previous year's articles were also "fire" themes and covered basically the same thing, but due to poor quality control, those articles were completely rewritten here all over again. Rats. Now who's going to fire whom?)

1967: Just 19 years and one day before the Space Shuttle Challenger accident; at 6:31 PM Eastern Standard Time, Apollo 1 astronauts, Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee were killed when a spark-ignited flash fire-burst their Command Module while they were in the Apollo launch pad for the preflight test procedure for Apollo 201 manned mission which was to take place on February 21, 1967. "NASA Mooned America" by Ralph Rene (1992, mailing address 31 Burgess Place, Dept-R, Passaic, New Jersey 07055) mentions that on November 17, 1962 at the Navy Laboratory, four people were in a chamber filled with 100% oxygen at five pounds per inch of pressure, when the attempt to replace one burnt light bulb caused a flash-fire which made their clothing and even an asbestos blanket to burst into flame, so that by the time they escaped just 40 seconds later, they all suffered serious burns. On January 1, 1967, just three weeks before this chat event, at the Brooks Air force base, 16 rabbits placed in a chamber filled with 100% oxygen at 7.2 pounds per inch of pressure burst into flame, apparently as a result of static electricity from their fur. The Apollo 1 spacecraft was built by North American Aviation -- later called "Rockwell International", which also built the sabotaged Space Shuttle Challenger where employees were encouraged to slash and destroy the critical "O-ring" sealing by rewarding them for supposedly finding the slashes. So it was that on this chat date, the three astronauts were placed in a spacecraft which was designed to take at least three minutes to open in an emergency and then given 90% oxygen at the highly explosive pressure of 16 pounds per inch to test electrical circuits, causing them to burst into flame in a few seconds. Gus, who was killed this time around was a member of the Mercury Seven astronaut whose Liberty Bell 7 spacecraft blew the hatch prematurely and sunk into the Atlantic ocean in 1961, almost taking Gus with it, while the NASA staff tried to blame Gus for prematurely blowing the hatch, so this time with the Apollo 1, they made sure that there was no way that Gus could escape by blowing the hatch. Ed was the first American to walk in outer-space (the first man to do so was the Russian cosmonaut Alexi Leonov). These flash fires which can kill people in a few seconds did not affect the Russian spacecrafts because they insisted on using high atmospheric pressure with a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen, where the nitrogen prevents the oxygen from literally exploding organic materials. US spacecrafts, which, despite the use of expensive liquid hydrogen boosters, was an el cheapo spacecraft filled with nearly pure oxygen which can literally explode organic materials in a few seconds and even burn asbestos -- and in fact, pure oxygen is used in calorimeters known as "bombs" to measure heat-content of organic materials by exploding them in pure oxygen. The use of nearly pure oxygen meant that lower atmospheric pressure is needed, so that cheaper, flimsier and lighter spacecraft can be made for US space developments. The need to use only nearly pure oxygen also made the atmospheric recirculation system so much simpler, cheaper, lighter and low-tech. Later, NASA's Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, Dr. George E. Mueller, announced that the Apollo 204 mission will be renamed as "Apollo 1". Eventually, the AS-204 mission using the Saturn V booster rocket was renamed to the Apollo 5 mission and the AS-502 mission of April 4, 1968 became the Apollo 6 -- so that the unlucky number Apollo 13 mission really became another truly unlucky mission after all. The need to replace the cheap and low-tech US atmospheric system with the common-sense, heavy-weight and high-tech Russian atmospheric system took 14 months, over $100 million and added 2,000 pounds of extra weight to US spacecrafts. "The Anthropic Cosmological Principle" by John D. Barrow and Frank J. Tipler (1986) by Oxford University Press mentions in chapter 8 "The Anthropic Principle and Biochemistry" that the current atmosphere contains about 21% oxygen, but if that was to increase to 25%, then a few lightning strikes will burn-up all the vegetations on land, and that at 25% oxygen content, even damp branches and wet grass will burn. So imagine what happens at 90% oxygen; if even asbestos can be enticed to burn at only five pounds per inch, what happens to people when over three times as much oxygen pressure is used? And despite the fire which crippled the Russian Mir space station, it did not cause a flash fire which killed the people within in a matter of a few seconds, because of the Russian safety procedures which were enacted since the beginning of their space program.

1984: Michael Jackson is burned while filming a television commercial for Pepsi when the pyrotechnic fireworks burn over his head. Michael was admitted to the Brotman Medical center in Culver city, California with second and third-degree burns to the back of his head. He soon recovered and visited other burn victims who were in the center and later donated a hyperbaric chamber when he found out that hyperbaric chambers are used to treat burn victims by healing the wounds at an accelerated speed. The human body keeps its cells in an oxygen starved condition so that cell growth is slowed down, which is why you can live for 60 to 100 years, and not die in a few months, which is the case if optimal oxygen is used. But it also slows down the cell growth necessary for rapidly healing burns, so that providing extra oxygen speeds-up cell growth and heals wounds rapidly, although it does introduce the possibility that prolonged use of hyperbaric chambers will speed-up the aging process progressively. As a result, when Michael denied in the February 1993 interview with Oprah Winfrey that he uses a hyperbaric chamber to sleep in every night, he said "that's stupid", and how true that is, since if he wanted to remain young, he'll avoid breathing as much oxygen as possible. But for some reason, most US publications claimed that Michael was lying and that he really does sleep in a hyperbaric chamber every night for years, even though that may cause Michael to suffer premature aging, and it will definitely cause fatigue and anemia as his body stops making excess erythrocytes in an oxygen-rich atmosphere.

1880: Thomas Alva Edison patents the electric incandescent lamp, US number 223,898, after 1,200 tests and $40,000 for which the application was filed on November 4, 1879. Sir Humphrey Davy already invented the electric arc light in 1811, long before Thomas was born on February 11, 1847, but it was expensive, and because the carbon rod burnt-up, it did not last long. At the time, the science of electricity was not known, but James Prescott Joule (born in Salford, England 1818 - 1889) used the works of Hermann von Helmholtz, Julius von Mayer and Lord Kelvin to come up with the Joule's Law in 1840 which stated that heat is produced in a poor electrical conductor (he was trying to find a method of improving the efficiency of electrical motors to replace steam engines, and towards that end, he worked on heat produced in good electrically conductive wires, and the first paper which he presented to the Royal Society showed that the heat generated by an electrical current was proportional to the square of the current, but conversely, it meant that in a material with high resistance to electricity, it will cause a large amount of heat which incandesces into produces light). Using Joule's Law, many people tried to make incandescent lamps, but the oxygen in the air invariably made it burn out because there were no high efficiency vacuum pumps in that era. By the time Thomas began working on increasing the life of the electric light bulb, there was finally a high quality vacuum pump available to get rid of the oxygen so that by January 1879, his incandescent light bulb using platinum wire glowed for a few hours before it melted and burnt out. While current light bulbs use tungsten which was discovered by Fausto d'Elhuyar and his brother Juan Jose from wolfram in 1783, there was no technology to work it into a thin filament in Thomas' era, so he soon gave-up using tungsten. Finding no metal suitable for his light bulb, Thomas tried carbon and it did as well as metals, so he began carbonizing over 6,000 various vegetable matters from around the world in 1,200 experiments. By October 21, 1879, his light bulb glowed for 40 hours without burning up, which led him to patent his light bulb in November. By the end of 1880, he had a 16 watts light bulb which lasted for 1,500 hours (about 300 days if used for five hours a day) so that it was good enough to commercially market. But although his patent filing showed him using a coiled filament, the actual lamps which he demonstrated and then sold from 1880 to 1893 used a piece of bamboo filament with no coiling (bamboo contains silicon, so that when it's carbonized, the carbon provides the electrical conductivity while the silicon maintains the structural strength under high temperature while offering enough electrical resistance so that the combination will glow brightly without burning-up). William David Coolidge made the tungsten filament in 1910, while the spiralled filament was made by Irving Langmuir in 1913, and the current spiral within a spiral tungsen filament is a Japanese invention.

Some files (abbreviated) from the year 2000:

(Isaac Newton: "If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants" In other words, he just organized what others have done into one and became famous, a fact which people ignore and dismiss over and over again.)

1918: "Tarzan of the Apes", the first Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater staring E.K. Lincoln. Seen in the current light, this movie was racist and showed topless women and naked young Tarzan. The producers could ignore and dismiss the morality issues because this was before the Hays Office code existed for Hollywood movies. (But racism and ethnic slur was very common in Hollywood movies until the 1950's and even 1960's. In fact, even television shows made in 1970's still portrayed some races as genetically inferior. ["race" is a European creation meant to differentiate Europeans from all others. In fact, it was Einstein who said that even physical laws which appear unbreakable are also creations of the mind, which is why physicists are still trying to find ways of breaking the law of gravity.])

1941: Peruvian agent, Rivera-Schreiber, warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor, but the US has and will continue to ignore every warning -- reliable and otherwise, although none said Japan is a docile sheep which won't lift a finger -- while proceeding to cut off one Japanese import after another to provoke Japan into retaliating, and then claim that Japan attacked Pearl Harbor without warning and without provocation nearly a year later. (Boring news now, but all these informations were kept secret, ignored and dismissed until recently, and no conservative US historian will dare imply that it was all planned that way by the US.)

1943: First US air attack using B-17 Flying Fortresses on Germany. They first flew on July 28, 1935, although there weren't many B-17s on December 7. Production ended on May of 1945 when 12,726 were made, employing all available men and even women. For some reason, some historians still think that just before World War II, the US's depression had disappeared and the people were well fed. If not for World War II, the severe depression the US was suffering would have caused mass starvation and social upheavals. The war drained able-men from the (starving) unemployed ranks while giving them an outlet for their aggressive frustration and even allowed women to have jobs, producing war products which flew off the shelves whether they were correctly made or not, and dismissing pollution and ecological destruction concerns. And, the depleted fish stocks in the oceans prior to the war made an astonishingly remarkable come-back because people were too busy killing each other to catch them, which was fortunate, since some people feared that once the war was over, it'll be back to the depression again.

1944: Leningrad, Russia is liberated from Germany after 600,000 people are killed. (It's truly cruel and dismisses the lives of people like insects, but you can't ignore the fact that that's that much less mouths to feed and more jobs for the survivors of the depression which was gripping the western world before the war.)

1967: Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Lieutenant Colonel Edward Higgins White II, Lieutenant Colonel Virgil "Gus" Ivan Grissom and Lieutenant Commander Roger Bruce Chaffee. During a dress rehearsal for launch, the pure oxygen used by the American space capsules caused an explosion upon coontact with an exposed electrical wire's spark. Although the three astronauts wore space suits which protected them from the heat, they died from suffocation when the explosively rapid spreading fire consumed all the oxygen. This type of explosive fires were expected because the American space capsules insisted on using pure oxygen which allows the capsules to be light and fragile with lower internal pressure, versus the strong and heavy capsules required for nitrogen-oxygen atmosphere favored by the Russians, which required higher internal pressure but which is safe from spontaneous explosive fires. It was long known that the nitrogen in the air acts as a fire suppressing agent which prevents oxygen from combining with organic matter in an explosive manner, so the Russians thought it was not only common-sense but the only safe method to breathe the nitrogen-oxygen mixture, while the Americans ignored it. (Even current American space capsule's control panels are made of dehydrated food so that the astronauts can eat it if they run out of food, but it'll explode like dynamite in pure oxygen.) In fact, the piggy-back space shuttle is a stupid, expensive and complex idea which makes it expensive to maintain and requires a huge control center filled with many personnel, expensive computers and delicate instruments to service. The Saturn rocket's hydrogen-oxygen fuel is also a dangerous, expensive and complex engine next to the reliable, cheap and simple kerosene-oxygen fueled engine the Russians prefer. Naturally, Virgil Grissom's son recently laid down his documented evidences in the February 16, 1999 issue of Star magazine that his father was murdered to prevent him from becoming the first man on the Moon (The information was kept secret until now to keep the Apollo mission alive).

1976: "Laverne and Shirley" spinoff from "Happy Days" premieres on ABC TV, Tuesday at 8:30PM. Starring Penny Marshall as Laverne DeFazio and Cindy Williams as Shirley Feeney. Eventually, Cindy saw no improvement in the character and pleaded for a change from the winning formulae which made the show a hit in its beginning years, but her request was ignored and so, she dismissed herself from the show.

1992: US Presidential candidate Bill Clinton denies that he and Genifer Flowers had a 12-year extramarital affair. Since a politician has to satisfy all of the people all of the time, a politician needs the ability to dismiss every accusation which falls his way, and hence has to be a fantastic liar. You can't ignore the fact that Bill was a fantastic politician even before he became the president.

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